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Editor in Chief: RAFFAELLO COSSU

RECYCLING OF LIQUID CRYSTALS FROM E-WASTE

  • Ana Barrera - Unité Matériaux et Transformations, Université de Lille, France
  • Corinne Binet - Unité Matériaux et Transformations, Université de Lille, France
  • Frédéric Dubois - Unité de Dynamique et Structure des Matériaux Moléculaires, Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale, France
  • Pierre-Alexandre Hébert - Université de Littoral Côte d’Opale, Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale Laboratoire d’Informatique Signal et Image de la Côte d’Opale, France
  • Philippe Supiot - Unité Matériaux et Transformations, Université de Lille, France
  • Corinne Foissac - Unité Matériaux et Transformations, Université de Lille, France
  • Ulrich Maschke - Unité Matériaux et Transformations, Université de Lille, France

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Abstract

For several decades, Liquid Crystal Displays (LCDs) have been widely used in televisions, laptops, mobile phones, and other devices. Nowadays, liquid crystals (LCs) represent an important economic value of the recycling system of LCDs. The reuse of these organic molecules could become a profitable basis since it permits to preserve the value of these materials. In this context, the general objective of this work focuses on the recovery of LCs as well as on other valuable materials present in end-of-life LCDs. An orderly, manual LCD dismantling line is put into operation for differentiated recycling of electronic boards, cold cathode lamps that may contain mercury, polymers, metals, and other valuable materials. There is also an extraction line where LCD panels are opened and exposed to an ultrasonically activated organic solvent bath to recover LCs. The resulting solution contains LCs, solvent, organic and inorganic impurities. The LCs mixtures were purified and then characterized mainly by spectroscopic, chromatographic, and thermal techniques. A study of the influence of adding diamond nanoparticles at 0.05, 0.1 and 0.2 wt% to recycled LCs was also performed using dielectric spectroscopy. Dielectric properties of LCs were measured at room temperature, using an impedance analyzer in the frequency range from 0.1 to 106 Hz.

Keywords


Editorial History

  • Received: 01 Jul 2022
  • Revised: 25 Oct 2022
  • Accepted: 06 Dec 2022
  • Available online: 31 Dec 2022

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