an official journal of: published by:
Editor in Chief: RAFFAELLO COSSU

HOW CAN SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY CONTRIBUTE TO A CIRCULAR ECONOMY?

  • Daniel Pleissner - Leuphana University of Lueneburg, Faculty of Sustainability, Sustainable Chemistry (Resource Efficiency), Germany

DOI 10.31025/2611-4135/2018.13694

Released under CC BY-NC-ND

Copyright: © 2018 CISA Publisher

Editorial History

  • Received: 23 Mar 2018
  • Revised: 27 Jul 2018
  • Accepted: 16 Aug 2018
  • Available online: 06 Sep 2018

Abstract

The transformation from a linear to a circular economy and from a fossil oil-based to a biobased economy creates challenges that need to be solved. Challenges are associated with the introduction of biobased compounds, such as bioplastics, as new compounds, in existing material cycles and the difficulties to separate such compounds in a circular economy from conventionally used materials. The transformation, however, is necessary due to the expected limitation in fossil resources and associated climate and environmental issues. Sustainable chemistry aims on a simultaneous consideration of resource, production, product and recycling. The focus is not only on sustainable transformation of matter, but also on its origin and fate. Whenever biobased products are to be introduced in existing material cycles, following question might be considered beforehand: 1. Are renewable resources available to carry out production processes in order to meet the demand of certain products?, 2. Is the technology available to carry out recycling and production processes efficiently?, 3. How likely is the separate collection of products after use?, 4. Does the product eco-design allow a recycling of resources?, 5. Are additives as unwanted compounds circulated as well?, 6. Are recycled resources useable in repeatedly carried out production processes? and 7. Does society accept products based on recycled resources? Those questions can be addressed when totally new material cycles are generated. The challenge, however, is finding the beginning of an already existing cycle in a circular economy which allows an introduction of new materials and/or production as well as recycling processes.​

Keywords


References

Anastas PT, Warner JC (1998). Green chemistry: Theory and practice. Oxford University Press, New York.

Fitzgerald ND (2017). Chemistry challenges to enable a sustainable bioeconomy Nature Reviews Chemistry 1:0080.
DOI 10.1038/s41570-017-0080

Koutinas AA et al. (2014). Valorization of industrial waste and by-product streams via fermentation for the production of chemicals and biopolymers Chemical Society Reviews 43:2587-2627.
DOI 10.1039/C3CS60293A

Kümmerer K (2017). Sustainable chemistry: A future guiding principle Angewandte Chemie International Edition 56:16420-16421.
DOI 10.1002/anie.20170994


feb
23
sep
30