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Editor in Chief: RAFFAELLO COSSU

BIOCHAR PRODUCTION FROM WASTE BIOMASS: CHARACTERIZATION AND EVALUATION FOR AGRONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL APPLICATIONS

  • Frantseska-Maria Pellera - School of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Crete, Greece
  • Panagiotis Regkouzas - School of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Crete, Greece
  • Ioanna Manolikaki - School of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Crete, Greece
  • Evan Diamadopoulos - School of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Crete, Greece

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Abstract

This study focused on the valorization of different types of waste biomass through biochar production at two pyrolysis temperatures (400 and 600°C). The different feedstocks being used included three materials of municipal origin, specifically two types of sewage sludge and the organic fraction of municipal solid waste, and three materials of agroindustrial origin, specifically grape pomace, rice husks and exhausted olive pomace. The scope of the research was to characterize the resulting materials, in order to evaluate their possible uses in agronomic and environmental applications. Biochar characterization included the determination of several physical and chemical parameters, while germination assays were also carried out. Under the investigated conditions, both pyrolysis temperature and feedstock type appeared to significantly affect biochar characteristics, leading to the production of versatile materials, with many different possible uses. Specifically, results implied that biochars of both municipal and agroindustrial origin have the potential to effectively be used in applications including the improvement of soil characteristics, carbon sequestration, the removal of organic and inorganic contaminants from aqueous media, and the remediation of contaminated soil, with the degree of suitability of each material to each specific use being estimated to differ depending on its particular characteristics. For this reason, with these characteristics in mind, before proceeding to larger scale applications a cautious selection of materials should be conducted.

Keywords


Editorial History

  • Received: 12 Mar 2021
  • Revised: 26 Nov 2021
  • Accepted: 26 Nov 2021
  • Available online: 19 Dec 2021

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