an official journal of: published by:
Editor in Chief: RAFFAELLO COSSU

USE OF ALTERNATIVE COVER MATERIALS TO CONTROL SURFACE EMISSIONS (H2S AND VOCS) AT AN ENGINEERED LANDFILL

  • Yann Le Bihan - EIE, CRIQ, Canada
  • David Loranger-King - Mrc de Bellechasse, Canada
  • Nicolas Turgeon - EIE, CRIQ, Canada
  • Nadine Pouliot - Service des projets industriels et de la valorisation, Ville de Québec, Canada
  • Nicolas Moreau - Centres régionaux de traitement de sols et de la biomasse, EnGlobe Corp, Canada
  • Daniel Deschênes - Centres régionaux de traitement de sols et de la biomasse, EnGlobe Corp, Canada
  • Guy Rivard - AIM Éco-Centre, Canada

DOI 10.31025/2611-4135/2020.13909

Released under CC BY-NC-ND

Copyright: © 2019 CISA Publisher

Editorial History

  • Received: 08 Jul 2019
  • Revised: 14 Jan 2020
  • Accepted: 04 Feb 2020
  • Available online: 05 Mar 2020

Abstract

Between 2010 and 2015, the Bellechasse Regional County Municipality (Bellechasse RCM) was affected by particularly noxious odors issuing from its Municipal Solid Waste Landfill (Bellechasse RCM MSWL) in Armagh, Canada. A study carried out in 2015-2016 by Centre de recherche industrielle du Québec (CRIQ) confirmed that it was still possible for hydrogen sulfide (H2S) emissions to cause odor issues in and around the site. The experimental project carried out by CRIQ in cooperation with Bellechasse RCM, Englobe, Quebec City and the Regroupement des récupérateurs et des recycleurs de matériaux de construction et de démolition du Québec (represented by AIM Éco-centre) made it possible to test three (3) different industrial residue as an alternative cover materials on site and study how they controlled H2S emissions, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and odors at the Bellechasse RCM’s landfill. The site was monitored from November 2016 to September 2017 to confirm the effectiveness of alternative biofiltration cover materials (soil + compost), domestic waste incineration bottom ash and 0 to 2.5-inch concrete residues and to compare the results with the sand cover currently used as the cover material. Effectiveness was determined by measuring the Area Source Emission Rate (ASER) with a 3 m x 3 m static flux chamber developed for the project. Methane measurements were concomitantly taken to confirm that the biogas could escape through the cover materials. The monitoring results made it possible to demonstrate that domestic waste incineration bottom ash as well as 0-2.5 in. concrete received the highest load of H2S and showed an H2S capture performance of greater than 83ϿFor volatile organic compounds, materials such as 0-2.5 in. concrete and the alternative biofiltration cover materials were most effective for capture (greater than 73Ͽfor the highest loads. The lowest content of CH4 after covering was measured for the alternative cover materials. The site where the incineration bottom ash was used managed to decrease odors by ±200 odor units. Overall, we have demonstrated in this project, the capacity of different alternative cover materials under real condition for the control of gas emissions from landfill.

Keywords


References

Cabral, A. R., Capanema, M. A., Gebert, J., Moreira, J. F., & Jugnia, L. B. (2010). Quantifying microbial methane oxidation efficiencies in two experimental landfill biocovers using stable isotopes. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 209(1-4), 157-172

Capanema, M. A., Ndanga, E., Lakhouit, A., & Cabral, A. R. (2013). Methane oxidation efficiencies of a 6-year-old experimental landfill biocover. In Proceedings Sardinia 203, Fourteenth International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium S. Margherita di Pula, Cagliari, Italy; 30 September-4 October 2013

CEAQ (2012) Centre d’expertise en analyse environnementale du Québec (2012). Protocole de lixiviation pour les espèces inorganiques, MA. 100 – Lix.com.1.1, Rév. 1, Ministère du Développement durable, de l’Environnement, de la Faune et des Parcs du Québec, 2012, 17 p

Chou, M. S., & Cheng, W. H. 1997. Screening of biofiltering material for VOC treatment. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, 47(6), 674-681

CRIQ 2015. Développement d’un inoculum méthanotrophe. Dossier CRIQ no PE46357, Rapport final, 28 pages

CRIQ 2016. Étude du mâchefer de l’incinérateur de la Ville de Québec envers l’élimination du sulfure d’hydrogène (H2S). Dossier CRIQ no PE50122, rapport final, 27 pages

Davis, W. T., 2000. Air Pollution Engineering Manual. 2nd Ed., AWMA, Wiley Interscience

Eun, S., Reinhart, D. R., Cooper, C. D., Townsend, T. G., & Faour, A. 2007. Hydrogen sulfide flux measurements from construction and demolition debris (C&D) landfills. Waste Management, 27(2), 220-227

Fairweather, R. J., Barlaz, M. A. 1998. Hydrogen sulfide production during decomposition of landfill inputs, Journal of Environmental Engineering ASCE, 124, 353–361

Geck, C., Scharff, H., Pfeiffer & J. Gebert 2015. Validation of a Simple Model to Predict Efficiencies of methane Oxidation systems. Proceedings Sardinia 2015. Fifteenth International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium S. Margherita di Pula, Cagliari, Italy; 5 – 9 October 2015

Geck, C., Röwer, I. U., Kleinschmidt, V., Scharff, H., & Gebert, J. (2016a). Design, validation and implementation of a novel accumulation chamber system for the quantification of CH4 and CO2 emissions from landfills. Technical Report

Geck, C., Scharff, H., Pfeiffer, E. M., & Gebert, J. (2016b). Validation of a simple model to predict the performance of methane oxidation systems, using field data from a large scale biocover test field. Waste management, 56, 280-289

Gouvernement du Québec (2012). Règlement sur l’enfouissement et l’incinération de matières résiduelles. Québec, Canada.[En ligne] http://www2. Publications du quebec. gouv. qc. ca/dynamicSearch/telecharge. php

Green, R. B., Hater, G. R., Thoma, E. D., DeWees, J., Rella, C. W., Crosson, E. R., & Swan, N. 2010. Methane emissions measured at two California landfills by OTM-10 and an acetylene tracer method. In Proceedings of the Global Waste Management Symposium 2010 (pp. 3-6)

Juszczak, R., Pihlatie, M., Christiansen, J. R., Giebels, M., Schreiber, P., Aaltonen, H., ... & Urbaniak, M. (2009, April). Effect of headspace mixing in static chambers and sampling protocol on calculated CH4 fluxes from soils. In EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts (Vol. 11, p. 9715)

Mostbauer, P., Olivieri, T., Lombardi, L., & Paradisi, A. 2012. Pilot-scale upgrading of landfill gas and sequestration of CO2 by MSWI bottom ash. In Ash 2012 Conference, January (pp. 25-27)

NF EN 13725 Standard, B. 2003. Air quality–Determination of odour concentration by dynamic olfactometry. BS EN, 13725, 2003

Pihlatie Mari K., Jesper Riis Christiansen, Hermanni Aaltonen, Janne F.J. Korhonen, Annika Nordbo, Terhi Rasilo, Giuseppe Benanti, Michael Giebels, Mohamed Helmy, Jatta Sheehy, Stephanie Jones, Radoslaw Juszczak, Roland Klefoth, Raquel Lobo-do-Vale, Ana Paula Rosa, Peter Schreiber, Dominique Serca¸ Sara Vicca, Benjamin Wolf, Jukka Pumpanen, (2013). Comparison of static chambers to measure CH4 emissions from soils. Agricultural and forest meteorology, 171, 124-136

Plaza, C., Xu, Q., Townsend, T., Bitton, G., & Booth, M. 2007. Evaluation of alternative landfill cover soils for attenuating hydrogen sulfide from construction and demolition (C&D) debris landfills. Journal of Environmental Management, 84(3), 314-322

Liu, Q., Li, M., Chen, R., Li, Z., Qian, G., An, T., Fu, J & Sheng, G. 2009. Biofiltration treatment of odors from municipal solid waste treatment plants. Waste Management, 29(7), 2051-2058

Sarperi, L., Surbrenat, A., Kerihuel, A., & Chazarenc, F. 2014. The use of an industrial by-product as a sorbent to remove CO2 and H2S from biogas. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 2(2), 1207-1213

Starr, K., Gabarrell, X. & Villalba G., 2012. Life cycle assessment of biogas upgrading technologies, Waste Management, Elsevier, 32, pp. 991-999

Syed, M., Soreanu, G., Falletta, P. & Béland, M. 2006. Removal of hydrogen sulfide from gas streams using biological processes-A review. Canadian Biosystems Engineering, 48, 2

Tirnoveanu, D. R. 2004. Étude des propriétés épuratoires des mâchefers d’incinération d’ordures ménagères et de leur mise en œuvre (Doctoral dissertation, Université de Limoges)

Turgeon, N., Le Bihan, Y., Savard, S., D’Aoust, M., Fournier, M., & Sénéchal, D. 2017. Utilisation de mâchefer d’incinération de déchets solides municipaux pour l’élimination du sulfure d’hydrogène: Un exemple d’écologie industrielle. Vecteur Environnement, 50(4), 40-47

Xu, Q., Townsend, T., & Reinhart, D. 2010. Attenuation of hydrogen sulfide at construction and demolition debris landfills using alternative cover materials. Waste Management, 30(4), 660-666

Yang, Y. & Allen, E. R. 1994. Biofiltration control of hydrogen sulfide 1. Design and operational parameters. Air & Waste, 44(7), 863-868


nov
18
nov
16