an official journal of: published by:
Editor in Chief: RAFFAELLO COSSU

INFLUENCES AND CONSEQUENCES OF MECHANICAL DELABELLING ON PET RECYCLING

  • Bastian Küppers - Montanuniversitaet Leoben, Austria
  • Xiaozheng Chen - Department of Processing and Recycling, Rheinisch Westfalische Technische Hochschule Aachen, Germany
  • Irina Seidler - Montanuniversitat Leoben, Austria
  • Karl Friedrich - Montanuniversitaet Leoben, Austria
  • Karoline Raulf - Department of Processing and Recycling, Rheinisch Westfalische Technische Hochschule Aachen, Germany
  • Thomas Pretz - Department of Processing and Recycling, Rheinisch Westfalische Technische Hochschule Aachen, Germany
  • Alexander Feil - Department of Processing and Recycling, Rheinisch Westfalische Technische Hochschule Aachen, Germany
  • Roland Pomberger - Montanuniversitaet Leoben, Austria
  • Daniel Vollprecht - Montanuniversitaet Leoben, Austria

DOI 10.31025/2611-4135/2019.13816

Released under CC BY-NC-ND

Copyright: © 2019 CISA Publisher

Editorial History

  • Received: 17 Jan 2019
  • Revised: 26 Apr 2019
  • Accepted: 03 May 2019
  • Available online: 24 May 2019

Abstract

The recycling of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is an important issue of today’s society. Mechanical recycling makes more sense from an ecological point of view than chemical PET recycling. However, mechanical recycling still is highly susceptible to defilements. Therefore, intensive pre-treatment is necessary to ensure the mechanical production of high-quality recycled PET. An important step in this process is to separate the PET bottles from their labels/sleeves. For this purpose, a newly developed label remover was studied. In this study, it was found that the machine had a delabelling efficiency of 90 w%. The PET bottles that were not sufficiently delabelled (10 wt.%) on average had a significantly smaller bottle size. This means that a sharp screening step, prior to delabelling, could improve the delabelling efficiency furthermore. Additionally, the applicability of near-infrared sorting technology was tested to find out, whether it can be used for quality control. Tests showed that state-of-the-art technology could differentiate between labelled and delabelled PET bottles, enabling separation of labelled PET bottles from delabelled bottles via sensor-based sorting. Hence, the proportion of contaminated PET bottles could be reduced furthermore with additional processing steps.

Keywords


References

Arena, U., Mastellone, M.L. and Perugini, F. (2003), “Life Cycle assessment of a plastic packaging recycling system”, The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, Vol. 8 No. 2, pp. 92–98

Assadi, R., Colin, X. and Verdu, J. (2004), “Irreversible structural changes during PET recycling by extrusion”, Polymer, Vol. 45 No. 13, pp. 4403–4412

Awaja, F. and Pavel, D. (2005), “Recycling of PET”, European Polymer Journal, Vol. 41 No. 7, pp. 1453–1477

Burat, F., Güney, A. and Olgaç Kangal, M. (2009), “Selective separation of virgin and post-consumer polymers (PET and PVC) by flotation method”, Waste management (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 29 No. 6, pp. 1807–1813

Go, N., Thoden van Velzen, Eggo Ulphard, Althaus, M., Feil, A. and Pretz, T., “The influence of plastic packaging shape on recycling efficiency”

Kranert, M. (2017), Einführung in die Kreislaufwirtschaft, Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, Wiesbaden

Shen, L., Worrell, E. and Patel, M.K. (2010), “Open-loop recycling. A LCA case study of PET bottle-to-fibre recycling”, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, Vol. 55 No. 1, pp. 34–52

Srithep, Y., Javadi, A., Pilla, S., Turng, L.-S., Gong, S., Clemons, C. and Peng, J. (2011), “Processing and characterization of recycled poly(ethylene terephthalate) blends with chain extenders, thermoplastic elastomer, and/or poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate)”, Polymer Engineering & Science, Vol. 51 No. 6, pp. 1023–1032

Cotrep (2012), “Bottles - PET and HDPE - general information on labels and sleeves - AG12”, www.cotrep.fr/en/technical-study/

Welle, F. (2011), “Twenty years of PET bottle to bottle recycling—An overview”, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, Vol. 55 No. 11, pp. 865–875



may
18
nov
16