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Editor in Chief: RAFFAELLO COSSU

ANAEROBIC DIGESTION OF FOOD WASTE AT VARYING OPERATING CONDITIONS

  • Bipasyana Dhungana - Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kathmandu University, Nepal
  • Sunil Prasad Lohani - Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kathmandu University, Nepal

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Copyright: © 2020 CISA Publisher


Abstract

Food waste is one of the major problems contributing to the degradation of the environment, and thus needs serious attention. Among different options, anaerobic digestion is possibly the most effective technique for managing degradable waste, and produce renewable energy and fertilizer. Despite multiple-use and benefits of the technology, its application is limited due to a few technical challenges. This study focuses on the anaerobic digestion of food waste with the addition of different percentages of digested cow manure as inoculum to it, at different total solid content in ambient temperature. Anaerobic digestion of food waste in batch and semi-continuous processes were carried out in three different trials at an average temperature range of 20-26℃: Food waste with 20% inoculum, food waste with 50%, 100%, and 200% inoculum and 10% total solid content in batch process and food waste with 20% inoculum with 6% and 10% total solids content in the semi-continuous process. During each trial, some amount of gas production was observed, however, the gas composition showed a negligible amount of methane production (maximum 13% of CH4). There were two common problems detected in each trial: the inability to complete the methanogenesis process, and instability of the overall process due to the high degradability and acidic nature of food waste. Therefore, this study suggests that the mono digestion of food waste is not a suitable option. However, anaerobic co-digestion of food waste with different organic substrate might provide a favorable condition for stable anaerobic digestion as seen from preliminary results.

Keywords


Editorial History

  • Received: 01 Apr 2020
  • Revised: 13 Jul 2020
  • Accepted: 14 Jul 2020
  • Available online: 05 Oct 2020

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