an official journal of: published by:
Editor in Chief: RAFFAELLO COSSU
Full Lenght Research Article


  • Antonio Basti - Department of Architecture, University of Chieti-Pescara, Italy

DOI 10.31025/2611-4135/2018.13661

Released under CC BY-NC-ND

Copyright: © 2018 Cisa Publisher

Editorial History

  • Received: 23 Jan 2018
  • Revised: 08 May 2018
  • Accepted: 11 Jun 2018
  • Available online: 30 Jun 2018


This text deals with the management of construction rubble, in particular the debris generated by earthquakes and the relative environmental impacts of different choices. The contribution begins with a careful consideration of the cultural, legal and practical context, before presenting the results of an experience developed by the author following the L’Aquila earthquake of April 2009, involving a homogeneous area home to different municipalities. Differentiated handling and treatment options (centralised rather than localised) were evaluated in terms of their environmental impact, using an LCA methodology, and their technical feasibility. The study focused on identifying the potentialities and limits of various management strategies for the collection and reuse of debris caused by building collapses and demolition works. The results of the study make it possible to affirm that the criterion of the shortest distance appears to represent the better choice for the collection and treatment the demolition debris when an efficient network of inert material collection, treatment and recycling companies is in place. When this condition is met, this strategy offers various advantages by reducing distances and climate-altering emissions in addition to fostering new employment opportunities for the local community and businesses, in particular linked to the notion of the circular economy.



AA. VV. (2010). Debris zero year. Numbers, Delays, Responsibilities, Possible Solutions, Edizioni Legambiente (IT).

Albritton D. L., Meira-Filho L. G. (2001). Technical Summary, in Houghton J. T., Ding Y., Griggs D. J., Noguer M., Van Der Linden P. J., Xiaosu D., editors, Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis - Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Cambridge University Press, The Edinburgh Building Shaftesbury Road, Cambridge (UK).

Askarizadeh, L., Karbassi, A. R., Ghalibaf, M. B., & Nouri, J. (2017). Debris management after earthquake incidence in ancient City of Ray. Global Journal of Environmental Science and Management.

Basti A. (2010). Life cycle design of building elements: selection criteria and case study application, in S. Hernandez, Brebbia C.A., & De Wilde W.P., editors, Eco-Architecture 2010-Harmonisation between Architecture and Nature, WIT Press, Southampton (UK).

Braungart M., Mc Donough W. (2002). Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things, North Point Press (US).

Brown C., Milke M., Seville E. (2011). Disaster waste management: A review article, Waste Management 31 (2011), 1085–1098.

Butera S., Christensen T.H, Astrup T.F. (2015). Life cycle assessment of construction and demolition waste management, Waste Management 44 (2015), 196–205.

Commissioner Delegated to Reconstruction, Decrees 18/2010, 49/2011 e 51/2011.

European Commission (2000). Decision 2000/532/EC, Hierarchical list of waste description.

European Commission (2005). Communication COM (2005) 670 Thematic Strategy for the sustainable use of resources.

European Commission (2008). Communication COM (2008) 400 Public procurement for a better environment.

European Commission (2008). Directive of Parliament and Council 2008/98/CE on Waste.

Fan H.C., Huang R., Hwang H., Chaod S.J. (2016). Properties of concrete incorporating fine recycled aggregates from crushed concrete wastes, Construction and Building Materials 112 (2016), 708–715

Ferrari G., Morotti A. (2008). Use of concretes with recycled aggregates, “Recycling”, PEI Edizioni (IT).

Fischer C., Werge M., editors, (2009), EU as a Recycling Society, European Topic Centre on Resource and Waste Management, Copenhagen (DK).

Hischier R., Weidema B., editors, (2010), Implementation of Life Cycle Impact Assessment Methods, Swiss Centre for Life Cycle Inventories, St. Gallen (CH).

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), (2001). IPCC Third Assessment Report. The Scientific Basis.

International Organization for Standardization (2006). ISO 14040. Environmental management - Life cycle assessment - Principles and framework.

Italian Government (2006). Legislative Decree 152/2006, Environmental Standards.

Italian Government (2009). Decree law 39/2009, Urgent interventions in favor of populations affected by seismic events in the Abruzzo region in April 2009.

Italian Government (2010). Legislative Decree 205/2010, Provisions to implementing the Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Parliament on Waste.

Italian Government (2016). Legislative Decree 50/2016, Implementation of European Directives 2014/23/EU, 2014/24/EU and 2014/25/EU on the award of public contracts and on the procurement procedures relating to works, services and supplies.

Italian Ministry of Environment (2003). Decree 203/2003, Standards for public offices and owned companies to cover the annual requirement of manufactured and goods with products made from recycled material not less than 30%.

Italian Ministry of Environment (2005). Explanatory circular 5205/2005, Indications for operation in the construction, road and environmental field under the DM 203/2003.

Italian Ministry of Environment (2012). Decree 161/2012, Rules governing the use of excavated land and rocks.

Italian Ministry of Environment (2015). Decree 4 December 2015, Adoption of minimum environmental criteria for the assignment of design services and works for the new construction, the renovation and maintenance of buildings and for the management of public administration yards.

Italian Prime Minister, (2011). Ordinances 3923/2011, 3942/2011, 3945/2011.

Italian standardization body (2008). Rule UNI EN 13242/2008, Properties of aggregates obtained by natural or industrial process or recycled for non-bonded and bonded hydraulic binders, for use in civil engineering works and road construction.

Laraia R., editor, (2011). Special Waste Report 2011 Edition, Italian National Institute for Environmental Protection and Research, Rome (IT).

Lauritzen E.K. (1998). Emergency construction waste management, Safety Science 30 (1998), 45-53.

Ma U. (2011). No Waste, Managing sustainability in Construction, Gover Publishing Limited, Farnham.

Ossa A., García J.L., Botero E. (2016). Use of recycled construction and demolition waste (CDW) aggregates: A sustainable alternative for the pavement construction industry, Journal of Cleaner Production 135 (2016), 379-386.

Puthussery J.V., Kumar R., Garg A. (2017). Evaluation of recycled concrete aggregates for their suitability in construction activities: An experimental study, Waste Management 60 (2017), 270–276.

Sasao T. (2016). Cost and efficiency of disaster waste disposal: A case study of the Great East Japan Earthquake, Waste Management 58 (2016), 3-13.

Señas L., Priano C., Marfi S. (2016). Influence of recycled aggregates on properties of self-consolidating concretes, Construction and Building Materials 113 (2016), 498–505.

Silva A., Rosano M, Stockera L., Gorissen L. (2017). From waste to sustainable materials management: Three case studies of the transition journey, Waste Management 61 (2017), 547–557.