an official journal of: published by:
Editor in Chief: RAFFAELLO COSSU


  • Debasree Purkayastha - Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, India
  • Mrinmoy Majumder - Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology Agartala, India
  • Sumanta Chakrabarti - Maharaja Bir Bikram University, India


Released under CC BY-NC-ND

Copyright: © 2018 CISA Publisher


Municipal solid waste is an inevitable outcome of anthropogenic activities. Proper sustainable solid waste management is the need of the hour. In this study, a Suitability Index (S.I) has been determined which can measure the relative importance of a district with regard to its necessity or requirement of collection bins in comparison to other districts in a municipality. The S.I was computed using Analytical Hierarchy Process cascaded to Artificial Neural Network. Four criteria viz. Demographic, Social, Economic and Technical considerations and seven factors viz. Population Density (P.D), Street Width (S.W), Waste Generation Rate (W.G.R), Income Group Distribution (I.G.D), Average Minimum Distance between the bins (MIN.D), Available Number of Bins (A.N.B) and Cost of Waste Bins (C.W.B) were considered for developing the model. Available Number of Bins was found to have the highest impact on the model followed by C.W.B, W.G.R, MIN D., I.G.D, P.D, and S.W. This index will particularly help developing countries with resource constraint and unskilled labor force in Solid Waste Management. It will help such countries to easily locate districts in urgent need of collection bins with an easily available set of data and will help in increasing collection efficiency.


Editorial History

  • Received: 26 Jul 2018
  • Revised: 13 Sep 2019
  • Accepted: 28 Oct 2019
  • Available online: 20 Nov 2019


Arribas, C. A., Blazquez, C. A., & Lamas, A. (2010). Urban solid waste collection system using mathematical modelling and tools of geographic information systems. Waste Management and Research, 28(4), 355–363.
DOI 10.1177/0734242X09353435

Beaumont, J. R. (1987). Location-allocation models and central place theory. (G. Ghosh, A., & Rushton, Ed.), Spatial analysis and location-allocation models. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company

Coutinho-Rodrigues, J., Tralhão, L., & Alçada-Almeida, L. (2012). A bi-objective modeling approach applied to an urban semi-desirable facility location problem. European Journal of Operational Research, 223(1), 203–213.
DOI 10.1016/j.ejor.2012.05.037

Di Felice, P. (2014). Integration of Spatial and Descriptive Information to Solve the Urban Waste Accumulation Problem: A Pilot Study. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 147, 592–597.
DOI 10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.07.636

El-Hallaq, M. A., & Mosabeh, R. (2019). Optimization of Municipal Solid Waste Management of Bins Using GIS. A Case Study: Nuseirat City. Journal of Geographic Information System, 11(01), 32–43.
DOI 10.4236/jgis.2019.111003

Erfani, S. M. H., Danesh, S., Karrabi, S. M., & Shad, R. (2017). A novel approach to find and optimize bin locations and collection routes using a geographic information system. Waste Management and Research, 35(7), 776–785.
DOI 10.1177/0734242X17706753

Erfani, S. M. H., Danesh, S., Karrabi, S. M., Shad, R., & Nemati, S. (2018). Using applied operations research and geographical information systems to evaluate effective factors in storage service of municipal solid waste management systems. Waste Management, 79, 346–355.
DOI 10.1016/j.wasman.2018.08.003

Farlow, S. J. (1981). The gmdh algorithm of ivakhnenko. American Statistician, 35(4), 210–215.
DOI 10.1080/00031305.1981.10479358

Ghiani, G., Laganà, D., Manni, E., & Triki, C. (2012). Capacitated location of collection sites in an urban waste management system. Waste Management, 32(7), 1291–1296.
DOI 10.1016/j.wasman.2012.02.009

Ghiani, G., Manni, A., Manni, E., & Toraldo, M. (2014). The impact of an efficient collection sites location on the zoning phase in municipal solid waste management. Waste Management, 34(11), 1949–1956.
DOI 10.1016/j.wasman.2014.05.026

Ghose, M. K., Dikshit, A. K., & Sharma, S. K. (2006). A GIS based transportation model for solid waste disposal - A case study on Asansol municipality. Waste Management, 26(11), 1287–1293.
DOI 10.1016/j.wasman.2005.09.022

Ghosh, S., Chakraborty, T., Saha, S., Majumder, M., & Pal, M. (2016). Development of the location suitability index for wave energy production by ANN and MCDM techniques. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 59, 1017–1028.
DOI 10.1016/j.rser.2015.12.275

González-Torre, P. L., Adenso-Díaz, B., & Ruiz-Torres, A. (2003). Some comparative factors regarding recycling collection systems in regions of the USA and Europe. Journal of Environmental Management, 69(2), 129–138.
DOI 10.1016/S0301-4797(03)00109-9

Hemmelmayr, V. C., Doerner, K. F., Hartl, R. F., & Vigo, D. (2013). Models and Algorithms for the Integrated Planning of Bin Allocation and Vehicle Routing in Solid Waste Management. Transportation Science, 48(1), 103–120.
DOI 10.1287/trsc.2013.0459

Kao, J. J., & Lin, T. I. (2002). Shortest service location model for planning waste pickup locations. Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association, 52(5), 585–592.
DOI 10.1080/10473289.2002.10470807

Karadimas, N. V., & Loumos, V. G. (2008). GIS-based modelling for the estimation of municipal solid waste generation and collection. Waste Management and Research, 26(4), 337–346.
DOI 10.1177/0734242X07081484

Khan, D., & Samadder, S. R. (2016). Allocation of solid waste collection bins and route optimisation using geographical information system: A case study of Dhanbad City, India. Waste Management and Research, 34(7), 666–676.
DOI 10.1177/0734242X16649679

Mondal, M. M., Speier, C. J., & Weichgrebe, D. (2019). Multi-stage optimization approach for sustainable municipal solid waste collection systems in urban areas of Asia’s newly industrialized countries. Environmental Management, 63(4), 536–553.
DOI 10.1007/s00267-018-1130-6

National Solid Waste Association of India (NSWAI). (2008). Urban Municipal Waste Management Newsletter. ENVIS, pp. 1–8

Nithya, R., Velumani, A., & Senthil Kumar, S. R. R. (2012). Optimal location and proximity distance of municipal solid waste collection bin using GIS: A case study of Coimbatore city. WSEAS Transactions on Environment and Development, 8(4), 107–119

Parrot, L., Sotamenou, J., & Dia, B. K. (2009). Municipal solid waste management in Africa: Strategies and livelihoods in Yaoundé, Cameroon. Waste Management, 29(2), 986–995.
DOI 10.1016/j.wasman.2008.05.005

Purkayastha, D., Majumder, M., & Chakrabarti, S. (2015). Collection and recycle bin location-allocation problem in solid waste management : A review. Pollution, 1(2), 175–191

Rathore, P., Sarmah, S. P., & Singh, A. (2019). Location–allocation of bins in urban solid waste management: a case study of Bilaspur city, India. Environment, Development and Sustainability, (0123456789).
DOI 10.1007/s10668-019-00347-y

Tralhão, L., Coutinho-Rodrigues, J., & Alçada-Almeida, L. (2010). A multiobjective modeling approach to locate multi-compartment containers for urban-sorted waste. Waste Management, 30(12), 2418–2429.
DOI 10.1016/j.wasman.2010.06.017

Valeo, C., Baetz, B. W., & Tsanis, I. K. (2002). Location of Recycling Depots with GIS. Journal of Urban Planning and Development, 124(2), 93–99.
DOI 10.1061/(asce)0733-9488(1998)124:2(93)

Vijay, R., Gupta, A., Kalamdhad, A. S., & Devotta, S. (2005). Estimation and allocation of solid waste to bin through geographical information systems. Waste Management and Research, 23(5), 479–484.
DOI 10.1177/0734242X05057763

Vu, H. L., Ng, K. T. W., & Bolingbroke, D. (2018). Parameter interrelationships in a dual phase GIS-based municipal solid waste collection model. Waste Management, 78, 258–270.
DOI 10.1016/j.wasman.2018.05.050

Zia, H., & Devadas, V. (2008). Urban solid waste management in Kanpur: Opportunities and perspectives. Habitat International, 32(1), 58–73.
DOI 10.1016/j.habitatint.2007.08.001