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Editor in Chief: RAFFAELLO COSSU
Full Lenght Research Article

RESOURCES FROM RECYCLING AND URBAN MINING: LIMITS AND PROSPECTS

  • Franz-Georg Simon - Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Germany
  • Olaf Holm - Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Germany - Thomé-Kozmiensky Verlag GmbH, Germany

DOI 10.31025/2611-4135/2018.13665

Released under CC BY-NC-ND

Copyright: © 2018 Cisa Publisher

Editorial History

  • Received: 05 Mar 2018
  • Revised: 11 Jun 2018
  • Accepted: 18 Jun 2018
  • Available online: 30 Jun 2018

Abstract

Direct and indirect effects (DIERec) of the recovery of secondary resources are in the range of 500 million tons per year in Germany; energy savings are 1.4 million TJ. These savings are between 10 and 20% of the total. The effects of materials recovery exceed those of energy recovery by far except for secondary plastic material, where DIERec from energy recovery is higher by factor of 2.7. Untapped potential for the recovery of secondary resources exists in the fine fraction of bottom ash from municipal solid waste incineration, mainly Cu and precious metals, and in urban mining.

Keywords


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