an official journal of: published by:
Editor in Chief: RAFFAELLO COSSU
Full Lenght Research Article

HOW DOES MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE POLICY AFFECT HEAT AND ELECTRICITY PRODUCED BY INCINERATORS?

  • Toshiaki Sasao - Iwate University, Japan

DOI 10.31025/2611-4135/2018.13650

Released under CC BY-NC-ND

Copyright: © 2018 Cisa Publisher

Editorial History

  • Received: 23 Jan 2018
  • Revised: 20 Apr 2018
  • Accepted: 20 Jun 2018
  • Available online: 30 Jun 2018

Abstract

This study examines the effects of municipal solid waste (MSW) policy interventions, specifically sorted collections and unit-based pricing of heat and electricity produced by incinerators in Japan, considering technological and demographic factors. The study shows that the technological factors such as incineration capacity and 24 hours operation affect the available heat energy and electricity. In addition, some sorted collections and unit-based pricing have also affected them. Sorted collections of organic waste can increase available heat energy. For plastics containers and packaging, no significant effects have been observed for both heat energy and electricity. In contrast, for sorted collections of paper containers and packaging, negative significant effects have been observed for both heat energy and electricity. This phenomenon indicates that other factors than a decrease in lower calorific values may affect the heat energy and electricity. Operating years has affected electricity negatively though it has affected heat energy positively. These findings indicate that proper make-decision of MSW policy and choice of incineration type depend on whether which option the municipalities focus on either material recycling or energy recovery (either heat energy or electricity).

Keywords


References

Asahi Shinbun Syuppan (a Japanese newspaper company) (2014), Minryoku DVD-ROM. (in Japanese)

Breen, R. (1996), Regression models: censored, sample−selected, or truncated data, Sage University Paper series on Quantitative Applications in the Social Sciences, 07−111.

Calabro, P.S. (2009), Greenhouse gases emission from municipal waste management: The role of separate collection, Waste Manage. 29, 2178−2187.

Calabro, P.S. (2010), The effect of separate collection of municipal solid waste on the lower calorific value of the residual waste, Waste Manage. Res. 28, 754−758.

Cameron, A.C. and P.K. Trivedi (2009), Microeconometrics Using Stata, STATA Press.

Greene, W. (2002), The bias of fixed effects estimator in nonlinear models, NYU Working Paper No. EC−02−05.

Holmgren, K. and D. Henning (2004), Comparison between material and energy recovery of municipal waste from an energy perspective A study of two Swedish municipalities, Resour. Conserv. Recycl. 43, 51−73.

ISWA (2015), Report 5 − Circular Economy: Energy and Fuels, http://www.iswa.org/fileadmin/galleries/Task_Forces/Task_Force_Report_5.pdf

Kakuta, Y. (2010), Present situation and future prospects for high efficient waste-to-energy, FY 2010 autumn seminar in Eco-Efficiency Forum of Japan, http://lca-forum.org/environment/forum/seminar/pdf/2010/1126_3.pdf. (in Japanese)

Matsuto, T. (2012), Present situation of electricity and heat recovery in full continuous operation type incinerators for municipal waste, J. Japan Waste Manage. Association 65(310), 22−27. (in Japanese)

Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) (2012), Feed-in tariff scheme in Japan, http://www.meti.go.jp/english/policy/energy_environment/renewable/pdf/summary201207.pdf

Nishitani, T., A. Yamauchi and T. Nagayama (2010), Effects of sorted collections and other measures to control waste volume and composition in the incineration treatment process, Mater. Cycles Waste Manag. Res. 21(6), 347−357. (in Japanese, with English abstract)

Persson, U. and M. Munster (2016), Current and future prospects for heat recovery from waste in European district heating systems: A literature and data review, Energy 110, 116−128.

Psomopoulos, C.S., A. Bourka and N.J. Themelis (2009), Waste-to-energy: A review of the status and benefits in USA, Waste Manage. 29, 1718−1724.

Takaoka, M., N. Takeda, N. Yamagata and T. Masuda (2011), Current status of waste to power generation in Japan and resulting reduction of carbon dioxide emissions, J. Mater. Cycles Waste Manage. 13, 198−205.

Tomic, T., B. Cosic and D.R. Schneider (2016), Influence of legislative conditioned changes in waste management on economic viability of MSW-fuelled district heating system – Case study, Thermal Sci. 20(4), 1105−1120.

Zhao, X. G., Jiang, G. W., Li, A., and Wang, L. (2016), Economic analysis of waste-to-energy industry in China, Waste Manage. 48, 604−618.


oct
15
feb
23
sep
30