an official journal of: published by:
an official journal of: published by:
Editor in Chief: RAFFAELLO COSSU


  • Geert Haarlemmer - University Grenoble Alpes, CEA, LITEN, DTBH/SBRT/LTCB, France
  • Morgane Briand - University Grenoble Alpes, CEA, LITEN, DTBH/SBRT/LTCB, France
  • Anne Roubaud - University Grenoble Alpes, CEA, LITEN, DTBH/SBRT/LTCB, France
  • Julien Roussely - University Grenoble Alpes, CEA, LITEN, DTBH/SBRT/LTCB, France
  • Maxime Déniel - University Grenoble Alpes, CEA, LITEN, DTBH/SBRT/LTCB, France

Released under CC BY-NC-ND

Copyright: © 2018 CISA Publisher


Wet waste streams include a wide variety of products such as food processing residues, sewage sludge, but also the organic fraction of municipal solid waste. Hydrothermal liquefaction is a thermochemical conversion in hot compressed water that produces a hydrophobic product. This paper gives presents how hydrothermal liquefaction can produce a biocrude or a heavy fuel oil from blackcurrant pomace, grape marc and sewage sludge. The paper presents experimental results as well as a technical and economic evaluation of the process. The results from hydrothermal liquefaction depend on the resource. Typical biocrude yield is 50% of the dry resource while bio-oil yield can be up to 25%. High ash resources are however less interesting for this technology. The production costs are high compared to their fossil counterparts but gate fees in the order of 50 to 130 € tonne-1 could ensure economic competitiveness compared to fossil fuels.​


Editorial History

  • Received: 30 Jan 2018
  • Revised: 11 Jun 2018
  • Accepted: 30 Jul 2018
  • Available online: 10 Sep 2018


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