an official journal of: published by:
Editor in Chief: RAFFAELLO COSSU

CEDALION AND ORION: A TWO-STEP DECISION SUPPORT TOOL TO ALLOW SMART ELFM PROJECT PLANNING, PRIORITISATION AND SUSTAINABLE INTERIM USE (RAWFILL PROJECT)

  • Eddy Wille - Public Waste Agency of Flanders (OVAM), Belgium
  • Cuinera Isenborghs - Public Waste Agency of Flanders (OVAM), Belgium
  • Laura Lamair - Société publique d'aide à la qualité de l'environnement, Belgium
  • Claudia Neculau - Société publique d'aide à la qualité de l'environnement, Belgium
  • Renaud Derijdt - Atrasol, Belgium

Share


Released under CC BY-NC-ND

Copyright: © 2021 CISA Publisher


Abstract

(Enhanced) landfill mining (ELFM) is a sustainable waste management strategy which supports the circular economy and reduces the environmental risks related to landfills. To facilitate and encourage stakeholders to launch (E)LFM-projects, RAWFILL has developed (1) an Enhanced Landfill Inventory Framework (ELIF), (2) an innovative landfill characterization methodology combining geophysical imaging and guided sampling (HADESS) and (3) a two-step Decision Support Tool (DST) to allow smart (E)LFM-project planning and prioritization. Based on the Interreg Europe COCOON experiences, the (E)LFM-concept was broadened to Dynamic Landfill Management (DLM), a sustainable and active long-term management of former landfills. DSTs improve decision-making by increasing the efficiency and lowering the uncertainty. The two-step approach offers an efficient and cost-effective solution. The DST 1 (Cedalion) requires limited data and provides guidance to the next step. The result is a ranking score on 4 scenario’s: waste to materials, waste to energy, waste to land interim use. The DST 2 (Orion) provides an overview of relevant tools that can assist the user in the further project development, like estimations about the feasibility of a business case, simulating scenario’s or finding sustainable interim solutions. The latter, interim use, is the novelty in this dual DST and should be seen as a loop in the roadmap. To summarize, the innovative approach of RAWFILL is the broadening of the resource scope at landfills and their comprehensive management, spanning the whole project cycle: from first screening to final redevelopment, including sustainable management and interim uses.

Keywords


Editorial History

  • Received: 15 Dec 2021
  • Revised: 11 Feb 2022
  • Accepted: 28 Feb 2022
  • Available online: 31 Mar 2022

References

Blasenbauer, D., A. Bogush, T. Carvalho, P. Cleall, C. Cormio, D. Guglietta, J. Fellner, M. Fernández-Alonso, S. Heuss-Aßbichler, F. Huber, U. Kral, M. Kriipsalu, J. Krook, D. Laner, J. Lederer, B. Lemière, G. Liu, R. Mao, S. Mueller, M. Quina,D. Sinnett, J. Stegemann, M. Syc, K. Szabó, T.T. Werner, E. Wille, A. Winterstetter, and G. Žibret (2020). Knowledge base to facilitate anthropogenic resource assessment. Deliverable of COST Action Mining the European Anthroposphere.
DOI 10.5281/zenodo.3739164

Blengini, G.A.; Mathieux, F., Mancini, L.; Nyberg, M.;Viegas, H.M. (Editors); Salminen, J.; Garbarino, E.; Orveillon, G.; Saveyn, H.; Mateos Aquilino, V.; Llorens González, T.; García Polonio, F.; Horckmans, L.; D'Hugues, P.; Balomenos, E.; Dino, G.; de la Feld, M.; Mádai, F.; Földessy, J.; Mucsi, G.; Gombkötő, I.; Calleja,I. (2019) Recovery of critical and other raw materials from mining waste and landfills: State of play on existing practices, EUR29744EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, ISBN 978-92-76-08568-3,
DOI 10.2760/600775, JRC116131

Cossu, R., Grossule, V., Lavagnolo, M.C., 2020. What about residues from circular economy and role of landfilling? Detritus, Volume 09, 1–3.
DOI 10.31025/2611-4135/2020.13920

European Commission (EC) (2021) Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. EU Soil Strategy for 2030 – Reaping the benefits of healthy soils for people, food, nature and climate. Brussels, 17.11.2021, COM(2021) 699 final

Grossule, V., Stegmann, R., 2020. Problems in traditional landfilling and proposals for solutions based on sustainability. Detritus. Volume 12, 78-91.
DOI 10.31025/2611-4135/2020.14000

Heuss-Aßbichler, S., Z. Horváth, U. Kral, A. Løvik, S. Mueller, M. Simoni, J. Stegemann, P. Wäger, and A. Winterstetter (2020). Strategic Roadmap on Sustainable Management of Anthropogenic Resources. Deliverable 3 of COST Action Mining the European Anthroposphere.
DOI 10.5281/zenodo.3739269

Hogland, W., Hogland, M., Marques, M. (2010) Enhanced Landfill Mining: Material recovery, energy utilization and economics in the EU (Directive) perspective. Proceedings of the International Academic Symposium on Enhanced Landfill Mining. Houthalen-Helchteren, Belgium, p. 233-245

Interreg Europe – COCOON (2018) Report on mapping. Analysis of the March 2017 COCOON Questionnaire. https://www.interregeurope.eu/fileadmin/user_upload/tx_tevprojects/library/file_1577114467.pdf

Isunza Manrique, I., Caterina, D., Van De Vijver, E., Dumont, G., Nguyen, F. (2019) Assessment of geophysics as a characterization and monitoring tool in the dynamic landfill management (DLM) contxt: opportunities and challenges. Sardinia 2019

Jones, P.T., Wille, E., Krook, J. (2018) Why we need to develop a broad Dynamic Landfill Management stratehu and vision for Europe’s 500,000 landfills. 2nd ELFM Seminar in the European Parliament: 5 lessons Learned. NEW-MINE Policy Brief

Jones, P.T., Geysen, D.,Tielemans, Y., Van Passel, S., Pontikes, Y.,Blanpain, B.,Quaghebeur, M., Hoekstra, N. (2013) Enhanced landfill mining in view of multiple resource recovery: a critical review, Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 55, p. 45-55

Lamair, L., Necalau, C., Aziz, I., De Rijdt, R., Caterina, D., Isunza Manrique, I., Inauen, C., Watlet, A. (2021) Cost-benefit analysis of HADESS charaterization methodology (Rawfill project). Sardinia 2021

Laner, D., Esguerra, J.L., Krook, J., Horttanainen, M., Kriipsalu, M., Rosendal, R.M., Stanisavljević, N., 2019. Systematic assessment of critical factors for the economic performance of landfill mining in Europe: What drives the economy of landfill mining, Waste management, vol. 95, p. 674 – 686

In’t Veld, M., Krol, J. J. (2005) Advies Nazorg Voormalige Stortplaatsen. http://www.nazorgstortplaatsen.nl/VM/docs/Advies%20Nazorg%20Voormalige%20Stortplaatsen%20(NAVOS),%20april%202005.pdf

Pastre G., Griffiths Z., Val J., et al., 2018. A decision support tool for enhanced landfill mining. Detritus, Volume 1, Pages 91-101

RAWFILL Project partners (2021) Landfill Miner Guide https://www.nweurope.eu/media/13061/rawfill-landfill-miner-guide.pdf

UNECE (2019) The United Nations Framework Classification for Resources. United Nations

WHO Regional Office for Europe (2021) Protecting health through urban redevelopment of contaminated sites: planning brief. Copenhagen. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO

Wille, E. (2018) Flooding risks at old landfill sites: linear economy meets climate change. 4th International Symposium On Enhanced Landfill Mining , Mechelen

Winterstetter, A., Laner, D., Wille, E., Nagels, P.,Rechberger, H.,Fellner, J. (2016) Development of a resource classification framework for old landfills in Flanders (Project RECLAF). SUM2016, 3rd Symposium on Urban Mining, IWWG, Bergamo, Italy


november
21