an official journal of: published by:
an official journal of: published by:
Editor in Chief: RAFFAELLO COSSU


  • Lydia Fryda - Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands, ECN, part of TNO, Netherlands
  • Rian Visser - Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands, ECN, part of TNO, Netherlands
  • Jannick Schmidt - 2.-0 LCA consultants, Denmark

Released under CC BY-NC-ND

Copyright: © 2018 CISA Publisher


Horticulture in temperate climate zones is energy intensive and the use of peat as the main ingredient in substrates releases additional GHG emissions during mining and processing. This paper evaluates the environmental impact of the co-production and application of bioenergy and biochar using agricultural and woody feedstock to replace natural gas and peat in horticulture by means of a life cycle analysis (LCA), including the timing of CO2 release and uptake, the decay of peat and biochar and the carbon stability of biochar and peat. Lab-scale data on biochar carbon recalcitrance compared to peat (~80% vs. 40% respectively) indicate that spent biochar-based substrates in soil are a carbon storage tool. The combination of bioenergy replacing fossil energy, biochar replacing peat in substrate and long term storage of the spent biochar in soil, contribute to GHG reductions.


Editorial History

  • Received: 04 Oct 2018
  • Revised: 03 Dec 2018
  • Accepted: 19 Dec 2018
  • Available online: 31 Mar 2019


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