an official journal of: published by:
an official journal of: published by:
Editor in Chief: RAFFAELLO COSSU


  • Letícia Sarmento dos Muchangos - UNU, Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability (UNU-IAS) / Keio University, Graduate School of Media and Governance, Japan
  • Philip Vaughter - Keio University, Graduate School of Media and Governance, Japan

Released under CC BY-NC-ND

Copyright: © 2018 CISA Publisher


Education for sustainable consumption (ESC) has a role in the provision of knowledge, values, and skills to enable individuals and social groups to become actors of change towards more sustainable lifestyles. Also, it must consider the interests, needs, and perspective of critical stakeholders, empower them and enable their full participation in public debates about sustainability. Though unsustainable consumption is substantially shaped by gender-based inequalities, ESC itself tends to be gender-neutral. This study provides a systematic literature review of research on ESC, with a focus on waste education, and an assessment of the inclusion of gender perspectives in those publications. A structured tool Proknown-C was applied and 46 articles were retrieved and analyzed – 28 generally related to ESC and 18 to waste education in particular. The articles were published intermittently between 1990 and 2017, with case studies on 32 countries. From the aggregate number of articles, 22 addressed gender in some form, however, in its majority, it was limited to superficial mentions and to the presentation of the study subjects in a sex-disaggregated manner, with fewer exploring gender and its relationships with ESC and waste education. This study offers a contribution to the scholarly and practical debate on ESC and waste education programs, and the inclusion of gender perspectives, as well as, kindle in-depth research on the subjects. It also aims to provide points for better understanding the role of gender perspectives in promoting sustainable consumption practices and lifestyles.


Editorial History

  • Received: 05 Jul 2018
  • Accepted: 24 Oct 2018
  • Available online: 22 Nov 2018


Aguilar, L. (1999). A good start makes a better ending: Writing Proposals with a Gender Perspective (1a ed.). San José, Costa Rica

Aikens, K., McKenzie, M., & Vaughter, P. (2016). Environmental and sustainability education policy research: a systematic review of methodological and thematic trends. Environmental Education Research, 22(3), 333–359.
DOI 10.1080/13504622.2015.1135418

Autio, M., Heiskanen, E., & Heinonen, V. (2009). Narratives of ‘green’ consumers - the antihero, the environmental hero and the anarchist. Journal of Consumer Behaviour, 8(1), 40–53.
DOI 10.1002/cb.272

Avan, C., Aydinli, B., Bakar, F., & Alboga, Y. (2011). Preparing Attitude Scale to Define Students’ Attitudes about Environment, Recycling, Plastic and Plastic Waste. International Electronic Journal of Environmental Education, 1(3), 179–191

Blenkinsop, S., Piersol, L., & Sitka-Sage, M. D. D. (2017). Boys being boys: Eco-Double consciousness, splash violence, and environmental education. Journal of Environmental Education, 0(0), 1–7.
DOI 10.1080/00958964.2017.1364213

Brumby, S. A., Kennedy, A. J., Mellor, D., McCabe, M. P., Ricciardelli, L. A., Head, A., & Mercer-Grant, C. (2011). The Alcohol Intervention Training Program (AITP): A response to alcohol misuse in the farming community. BMC Public Health, 11(1), 242.
DOI 10.1186/1471-2458-11-242

Bulut, Z. A., Kökalan Çımrin, F., & Doğan, O. (2017). Gender, generation and sustainable consumption: Exploring the behaviour of consumers from Izmir, Turkey. International Journal of Consumer Studies, 41(6), 597–604.
DOI 10.1111/ijcs.12371

Caiado, R. G. G., de Freitas Dias, R., Mattos, L. V., Quelhas, O. L. G., & Leal Filho, W. (2017). Towards sustainable development through the perspective of eco-efficiency - A systematic literature review. Journal of Cleaner Production, 165, 890–904.
DOI 10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.07.166

Çelikler, D., & Harman, G. (2015). The Effect of the SCAMPER Technique in Raising Awareness Regarding the Collection and Utilization of Solid Waste. Journal of Education and Practice, 6(10), 149–159

Chalfoun, N. (2014). Greening University Campus Buildings to Reduce Consumption and Emission while Fostering Hands-on Inquiry-based Education. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 20, 288–297.
DOI 10.1016/j.proenv.2014.03.036

Chandra, D. V. (2014). Re-examining the importance of indigenous perspectives in the Western environmental education for sustainability: “from tribal to mainstream education.” Journal of Teacher Education for Sustainability, 16(1), 117–127.
DOI 10.2478/jtes-2014-0007

Chant, S. (2006). Re‐thinking the “Feminization of Poverty” in Relation to Aggregate Gender Indices. Journal of Human Development, 7(2), 201–220.
DOI 10.1080/14649880600768538

Choi, M. Y., & Didham, R. J. (2009). Education for Sustaianable Consumption in Northeast Asia. Strategies to promote and advance sustainable consumption. Hayama, Japan

Crawford, E. O., Luke, N., & Van Pelt, W. (2015). Children as “Solutionaries”: Environmental Education as an Opportunity to Take Action. International Journal of Early Childhood Environmental Education, 3(1), 54–71

Crombie, I. K., & Davies, H. T. (2009). What Is Meta-analysis?

Danilane, L., & Marzano, G. (2014). Consumer Education in Primary School in the Context of Sustainable Development. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 116, 1068–1072.
DOI 10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.01.347

Davis, G. (2008). Formulating an effective higher education curriculum for the Australian waste management sector. Waste Management, 28(10), 1868–1875.
DOI 10.1016/j.wasman.2007.12.003

Ekins, P., & Lemaire, X. (2012). Sustainable Consumption and Production for Poverty Eradication. Paris, France. Retrieved from

Ensslin, L., Dutra, A., Ensslin, S. R., Chaves, L. C., & Dezem, V. (2015). Research Process for Selecting a Theoretical Framework and Bibliometric Analysis of a Theme: Illustration for the Management of Customer Service in a Bank. Modern Economy, 6(June), 782–796

European Institute for Gender Equality. (2016). Gender impact assessment: Gender Mainstreaming Toolkit. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.
DOI 10.2839/172256

Finlayson, C., Gregory, M., Ludtke, C., Meoli, C., & Ryan, M. (2017). Cultivating Geographical Thinking: A Framework for Student-Led Research on Food Waste. Review of International Geographical Education Online, 7(1), 80–93. Retrieved from

Garza-Reyes, J. A. (2015). Lean and green-a systematic review of the state of the art literature. Journal of Cleaner Production, 102, 18–29.
DOI 10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.04.064

González-Gaudiano, É. (1990). Environmental Education and Sustainable Consumption: The Case of Mexico. Canadian Journal of Environmental Education, 4(1)

Gough, A. (2003). The “Nature” of Environmental Education Research From a Feminist Poststructuralist Viewpoint. Canadian Journal of Environmental Education, 8(March 2015), 31–43

Gough, A. (2013). Researching Differently: Generating a Gender Agenda for Research in Environmental Education. In Robert B. Stevenson, M. Brody, J. Dillon, & A. E. J. Wals (Eds.), International Handbook of Research on Environmental Education (pp. 375–383). Routledge

Gough, A. (2016). The Gendered City

Gough, S., & Scott, W. (1999). Education and training for sustainable tourism: possibilities, problems and cautious first steps. Canadian Journal of Environmental Education, 4(1). Retrieved from

Hadiyanti, P. (2016). A Group Approach in a Community Empowerment : A Case Study of Waste Recycling Group in Jakarta. Journal of Education and Practice, 7(29), 157–167. Retrieved from

Hadjichambis, A. C., Paraskeva-Hadjichambi, D., Ioannou, H., Georgiou, Y., & Manoli, C. C. (2015). Integrating sustainable consumption into environmental education: A case study on environmental representations, decision making and intention to act. International Journal of Environmental and Science Education, 10(1), 67–86.
DOI 10.12973/ijese.2015.231a

Hawas, A., & Al-Habaibeh, A. (2017). Innovative concept of an educational physical simulation tool for teaching energy consumption in buildings for enhancing public engagement. Energy Procedia, 142, 2942–2952.
DOI 10.1016/j.egypro.2017.12.312

Indrianti, N. (2016). Community-based Solid Waste Bank Model for Sustainable Education. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 224(August 2015), 158–166.
DOI 10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.05.431

Jolley, J., & Shields, L. (2009). Knitting Nannas and Frackman: a gender analysis of Australian anti-coal seam gas documentaries (CSG) and implications for environmental adult Education. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 24(04), 164–170.
DOI 10.1080/09672559.2016.1175106.http

Kamaruddin, S. M., Pawson, E., & Kingham, S. (2013). Facilitating Social Learning in Sustainable Waste Management: Case Study of NGOs Involvement in Selangor, Malaysia. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 105, 325–332.
DOI 10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.11.034

Kanchanabhandhu, C., & Woraphong, S. (2016). A Model of Solid Waste Management Based Multilateral Co-Operation in Semi-Urban Community. International Journal of Environmental and Science Education, 11(12), 5762–5775

Kearns, P., Lane, Y., Neylon, T., & Osborne, M. (2013). The Learning Festival: Pathway to Sustainable Learning Cities? Adult Learner: The Irish Journal of Adult and Community Education, 90. Retrieved from

Kossieris, P., Kozanis, S., Hashmi, A., Katsiri, E., Vamvakeridou-Lyroudia, L. S., Farmani, R., … Savic, D. (2014). A web-based platform for water efficient households. Procedia Engineering, 89, 1128–1135.
DOI 10.1016/j.proeng.2014.11.234

Kossieris, P., Panayiotakis, A., Tzouka, K., Gerakopoulou, P., Rozos, E., & Makropoulos, C. (2014). An eLearning approach for improving household water efficiency. Procedia Engineering, 89, 1113–1119.
DOI 10.1016/j.proeng.2014.11.232

Kumar, R., Somrongthong, R., & Shaikh, B. T. (2015). Effectiveness of intensive healthcare waste management training model among health professionals at teaching hospitals of Pakistan: A quasi-experimental study. BMC Health Services Research, 15(1), 1–7.
DOI 10.1186/s12913-015-0758-7

Le Masson, V., Norton, A., & Wilkinson, E. (2012). Gender and Resilience. BRACED Knowledge Manager.
DOI 10.2499/9780896296787

Lee, Y., Jo, H., & Lim, B. (2015). Community-based Eco-pedagogy towards Change of Parents’ Lifestyles in South Korea. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 174, 1997–2003.
DOI 10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.01.867

Leger, M. T., & Pruneau, D. (2012). Changing Family Habits: A Case Study Into Climate Change Mitigation Behavior in Families. International Electronic Journal of Environmental Education, 2(2), 77–87

Maddox, P., Doran, C., Williams, I. D., & Kus, M. (2011). The role of intergenerational influence in waste education programmes: The THAW project. Waste Management, 31(12), 2590–2600.
DOI 10.1016/j.wasman.2011.07.023

March, C., Smyth, I., & Mukhopadhyay, M. (1999). A Guide to Gender- Analysis Frameworks. Oxfam, 144.
DOI 10.3362/9780855987602

McKeown, R., Hopkins, C., Rizi, R., & Chrystalbridge, M. (2006). Education for sustainable development toolkit. Paris: Section for Education for Sustainable Development (ED/UNP/ESD) UNESCO.
DOI 10.1108/IJSHE-07-2012-0059

Mostowfi, S., Mamaghani, N. K., & Khorramar, M. (2016). Designing playful learning by using educational board game for children in the age range of 7-12: (A case study: Recycling and waste separation education board game). International Journal of Environmental and Science Education, 11(12), 5453–5476

Nagata, J., Azuma, T., Oda, N., Fujiwara, N., & Hanya, M. (2014). A mutual learning platform: A consumer-supplier collaboration experiment for low-carbon supply chain innovation. Energy Procedia, 61, 1752–1755.
DOI 10.1016/j.egypro.2014.12.204

Nowak, A. L. V., Hale, H., Lindholm, J., & Strausser, E. (2009). The Story of Stuff: Increasing Environmental Citizenship. American Journal of Health Education, 40(6), 346–354

Oliver, S. (2016). Integrating role-play with case study and carbon footprint monitoring: A transformative approach to enhancing learners’ social behavior for a more sustainable environment. International Journal of Environmental and Science Education, 11(6), 1323–1335.
DOI 10.12973/ijese.2016.346a

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). (2005). The Role of National Qualifications Systems in Promoting Lifelong Learning, Report from Thematic Group 2 : Standards and quality assurance in qualifications with special reference to the recognition of non-formal and informal learning. Policy implications of national qualifications systems and their impact on lifelong learning

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). (2008). Gender and Sustainable Development: Maximising the Economic, Social and Environmental Role of Women. Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainable Development. Paris: OECD Publishing.
DOI 10.1787/9789264049901-en

Oto, N., Cobanoglu, N., & Geray, C. (2012). Education for Sustainable Airports. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 47, 1164–1173.
DOI 10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.06.795

Painter, K., Thondhlana, G., & Kua, H. W. (2016). Food waste generation and potential interventions at Rhodes University, South Africa. Waste Management, 56, 491–497.
DOI 10.1016/j.wasman.2016.07.013

Palomo, J., Figueroa-Domecq, C., & Laguna, P. (2017). Women, peace and security state-of-art: a bibliometric analysis in social sciences based on SCOPUS database. Scientometrics, 113(1), 123–148.
DOI 10.1007/s11192-017-2484-x

Pankina, M. V., Khrustalyova, C. M., Egarmin, A. A., & Shekhova, N. V. (2016). Role of design in the consumer culture development: Ecological context. International Journal of Environmental and Science Education, 11(16), 8771. Retrieved from

Patterson, J., Lindén, E., Edward, J. K. P., Wilhelmsson, D., & Löfgren, I. (2009). Community-based environmental education in the fishing villages of Tuticorin and its role in conservation of the environment. Australian Journal of Adult Learning, 49(2), 384–395

Pérez-Belis, V., Bovea, M. D., & Simó, A. (2015). Consumer behaviour and environmental education in the field of waste electrical and electronic toys: A Spanish case study. Waste Management, 36(2015), 277–288.
DOI 10.1016/j.wasman.2014.10.022

Polanec, B., Aberšek, B., & Glodež, S. (2013). Informal Education and Awareness of the Public in the field of Waste Management. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 83, 107–111.
DOI 10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.06.021

QSR International Pty Ltd. (2017). What is NVivo?
DOI NVivo. Retrieved September 18, 2018, from

Radulescu, D. M., & Radulescu, V. (2011). Educating the consumer about his right to a healthy environment. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 15, 466–470.
DOI 10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.03.123

Redman, E. (2013). Advancing educational pedagogy for sustainability: Developing and implementing programs to transform behaviors. International Journal of Environmental and Science Education, 8(1), 1–34

Ribas, J. R., Vicente, T. V. dos S., Altaf, J. G., & Troccoli, I. R. (2017). INTEGRAÇÃO DE AÇÕES NA GESTÃO SUSTENTÁVEL. Revista Eletrônica de Administração, 23(2), 31–57.

Roeder, I., Scheibleger, M., & Stark, R. (2016). How to make people make a change – using social labelling for raising awareness on sustainable manufacturing. Procedia CIRP, 40, 359–364.
DOI 10.1016/j.procir.2016.01.065

Rosa, P. A., Petri, S. M., Matos, L. dos S., Ensslin, S. R., & Ferreira, L. F. (2015). Avaliação de Desempenho no Planejamento Tributário: Aplicação do Processo Proknow-C em International Electronic Libraries. Revista Evidenciação Contábil & Finanças, 3(1), 69–83.
DOI 10.18405/recfin20150105

Ruini, L., Ciati, R., Marchelli, L., Rapetti, V., Pratesi, C. A., Redavid, E., & Vannuzzi, E. (2016). Using an Infographic Tool to Promote Healthier and More Sustainable Food Consumption: The Double Pyramid Model by Barilla Center for Food and Nutrition. Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, 8, 482–488.
DOI 10.1016/j.aaspro.2016.02.049

Schreinemachers, P., Rai, B. B., Dorji, D., Chen, H. C., Dukpa, T., Thinley, N., … Yang, R.-Y. (2017). School gardening in Bhutan: Evaluating outcomes and impact. Food Security, 9(3), 635–648.
DOI 10.1007/s12571-017-0673-3

Schultz, I., & Stieß, I. (2009). Policies to Promote Sustainable Consumption Patterns WP 1: “Gender aspects of sustainable consumption strategies and instruments.” Frankfurt/Main

Schulze, M., Nehler, H., Ottosson, M., & Thollander, P. (2016). Energy management in industry - A systematic review of previous findings and an integrative conceptual framework. Journal of Cleaner Production, 112, 3692–3708.
DOI 10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.06.060

Sexsmith, K. (2012). Towards Gender Equality in Global Sustainable Consumption and Production Agreements. In Harcourt W. (Ed.), Women Reclaiming Sustainable Livelihoods (pp. 42–61). London: Palgrave Macmillan.
DOI 10.1057/9781137022349_4

Stanszus, L., Fischer, D., Böhme, T., Frank, P., Fritzsche, J., Geiger, S., … Schrader, U. (2017). Education for Sustainable Consumption through Mindfulness Training: Development of a Consumption-Specific Intervention. Journal of Teacher Education for Sustainability, 19(1), 5–21.
DOI 10.1515/jtes-2017-0001

Statistics Sweden. (2016). Monitoring the shift to sustainable consumption and Production patterns in the context of the SDGs. Retrieved from

Stevens, C. (2010). Are Women the Key to Sustainable Development? (A. Najam, Ed.), Sustainable Development Insights. Boston

Thoresen, V. W. (2010). HERE and NOW! Education for Sustainable Consumption: Recommendations and Guidelines. UNEP DTIE Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) Branch, 1–36.

Traversa, A., Adriano, D., Bellio, A., Bianchi, D. M., Gallina, S., Ippolito, C., … Decastelli, L. (2017). Food safety and sustainable nutrition workshops: educational experiences for primary school children in Turin, Italy. Italian Journal of Food Safety, 6(1), 9–12.
DOI 10.4081/ijfs.2017.6177

UNESCO. (1999). Guidelines on Gender-Neutral Language. Retrieved from

UNESCO. (2007). The UN Decade of Education for Sustainable Development Report (The first two years). Paris, France: UNESCO. Retrieved from

UNESCO. (2014). UNESCO Roadmap for Implementing the Global Action Programme on Education for Sustainable Development. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Retrieved from cess/terms-use-ccbyncsa-en

United Nations. (2016). SDGs: Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform. Retrieved September 18, 2018, from

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). (2010). ABC of SCP Clarifying Concepts on Sustainable Consumption and Production. Paris, France

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). (2012). The global outlook on sustainable consumption and production policies: Taking action together. United Nations Environment Programme

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). (2016). Global Gender and Environment Outlook. Nairobi, Kenya: United Nations Environment Programme

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). (2017). Consuming Differently, Consuming Sustainably: Behavioural Insights for Policymaking. Retrieved from

Viegas, C. V., Bond, A. J., Vaz, C. R., Borchardt, M., Pereira, G. M., Selig, P. M., & Varvakis, G. (2016). Critical attributes of Sustainability in Higher Education: A categorisation from literature review. Journal of Cleaner Production, 126, 260–276.
DOI 10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.02.106

Vieira, J. E. G., & Echeverria, A. R. (2007). A administraçao publica e a educaçao ambiental no Programa de Gestao Integrada de Residuos Solidos: uma reflexao de uma experiencia local. Cadernos EBAPE.BR, 5(1), 1–15

Wahba, G. H. (2012). Latest Trends in Environmental Advertising Design “Application Study of Egyptian Society.” Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 51, 901–907.
DOI 10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.08.261

Yang, J. C., Chien, K. H., & Liu, T. C. (2012). A Digital Game-Based Learning System for Energy Education: An Energy COnservation PET. Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology - TOJET, 11(2), 27–37. Retrieved from

Zain, S. M., Basri, N. E. A., Mahmood, N. A., Basri, H., Yaacob, M., & Ahmad, M. (2013). Sustainable Education and Entrepreneurship Triggers Innovation Culture in 3R. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 102(Ifee 2012), 128–133.
DOI 10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.10.723

Zarate, M. A., Slotnick, J., & Ramos, M. (2008). Capacity building in rural Guatemala by implementing a solid waste management program. Waste Management, 28(12), 2542–2551.
DOI 10.1016/j.wasman.2007.10.016