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Editor in Chief: RAFFAELLO COSSU

A REVIEW OF RECENT TRENDS TO INCREASE THE SHARE OF POST-CONSUMER PACKAGING WASTE TO RECYCLING IN EUROPE

  • Jakob Lederer - Institute of Chemical, Environmental and Bioscience Engineering, Technische Universität Wien, Austria
  • Andreas Bartl - Institute of Chemical, Environmental and Bioscience Engineering, Technische Universitat Wien, Austria
  • Dominik Blasenbauer - Institute of Chemical, Environmental and Bioscience Engineering, Technische Universität Wien, Austria
  • Gisela Breslmayer - Institute of Chemical, Environmental and Bioscience Engineering, Technische Universität Wien, Austria
  • Lea Gritsch - Institute of Chemical, Environmental and Bioscience Engineering, Technische Universität Wien, Austria
  • Simon Hofer - Institute of Chemical, Environmental and Bioscience Engineering, Technische Universität Wien, Austria
  • Anna-Maria Lipp - Institute of Chemical, Environmental and Bioscience Engineering, Technische Universität Wien, Austria
  • Julia Mühl - Institute of Chemical, Environmental and Bioscience Engineering, Technische Universität Wien, Austria

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Copyright: © 2022 CISA Publisher


Abstract

Through the Circular Economy Package, the EU aims to reduce material imports and environmental impacts of waste management. Ambitious recycling targets should help to achieve these objectives. As a response, the waste industry developed technical and organizational solutions that can intervene at different stages of a waste management system in order to increase the recovery of recycling materials, starting with improved separate collection over the use of modern material recovery facilities up to the enhanced treatment of waste incineration ashes. The large question is how each of these options can contribute to increase recycling rates to achieve a circular economy. By reviewing case studies as presented in the most recent literature published since the year 2010 from European countries on the recycling of post-consumer packaging waste of glass, metals, paper, and plastics, this study contributes to answer this question. In the first stage, the review found 644 articles matching with the search terms and published since the year 2010. Of these, 46 remained for an in-depth analysis, since 319 did not present case studies as defined in the scope of this article. The articles reviewed provide a good overview on the state of knowledge on increasing recycling of post-consumer packaging waste by improved separate collection, material recovery facilities, and waste incineration bottom ash treatment. Additional information and case studies, however, are required, particularly large-scale experiments to test new separate collection systems, large-scale with different feedstock material at the most-modern material recovery facilities and waste incineration bottom ash treatment plants.

Keywords


Editorial History

  • Received: 21 Jan 2022
  • Revised: 08 May 2022
  • Accepted: 09 Jun 2022
  • Available online: 30 Jun 2022

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