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Editor in Chief: RAFFAELLO COSSU

A REVIEW OF DIRECT SHEAR AND INCLINED PLANE TESTS RESULTS FOR DIFFERENT INTERFACES IN LANDFILL CAPPING

  • Daniele Cazzuffi - CESI SpA , Italy
  • Piergiorgio Recalcati - TENAX SpA , Italy
  • Lidia Sarah Calvarano - TENAX SpA , Italy
  • Stefano Marelli - TENAX SpA , Italy

DOI 10.31025/2611-4135/2022.15219

Released under CC BY-NC-ND

Copyright: © 2022 CISA Publisher

Editorial History

  • Received: 25 Feb 2022
  • Revised: 17 Jun 2022
  • Accepted: 29 Aug 2022
  • Available online: 30 Sep 2022

Abstract

One of the crucial aspects in design of a landfill capping is the interface behavior between the different layers of the cover system, from levelling layer above waste up to the topsoil. Design guidelines and international codes require a geotechnical stability analysis to be performed along every interface. The critical interface is the one which gives the minimum shear resistance, in terms of friction angle and adhesion. Evaluation of the correct values to be used is then essential. Shear resistance at the interface between different geosynthetics or between a geosynthetic and a soil can be measured through laboratory tests. Testing methods are EN ISO 12957-1 and ASTM D5321 (for direct shear test) and EN ISO 12957-2 (for inclined plane). The paper briefly describes direct shear and inclined plane testing methods and enhances pros and cons. In the last 25 years the authors have coordinated a great number of the above tests with different types of geosynthetics and soils. The main results of these tests are reported in the paper, summarizing the values obtained with contact interface between different products belonging to the same families. The purpose of this work is to validate the already big database of interface strength measured with direct shear tests and to evaluate the differences with the results obtained for the different types of tests. This can give to designers the chance to have a critical approach toward the most suitable testing method to be used according to the specific needs of a project.

Keywords


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