an official journal of: published by:
Editor in Chief: RAFFAELLO COSSU

ORGANIC WASTE AND BIOELECTROCHEMICAL SYSTEMS: A FUTURE INTERFACE BETWEEN ELECTRICITY AND METHANE DISTRIBUTION GRIDS

  • Andrea Schievano - e-BioCenter - Department of Environmental Science and Policies, Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy
  • Andrea Goglio - e-BioCenter - Department of Environmental Science and Policies, Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy
  • Christof Erckert - BTS srl/GmbH, Italy
  • Stefania Marzorati - e-BioCenter - Department of Environmental Science and Policies, Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy
  • Laura Rago - e-BioCenter - Department of Environmental Science and Policies, Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy
  • Pierangela Cristiani - RSE - Ricerca del Sistema Energetico, Italy

DOI 10.26403/detritus/2018.6

Released under CC BY-NC-ND

Copyright: © Cisa Publisher

Editorial History

  • Received: 10 Jan 2018
  • Revised: 14 Mar 2018
  • Accepted: 23 Mar 2018
  • Available online: 31 Mar 2018

Abstract

In a very near future, renewable electricity produced by photovoltaic and eolic is destined to be the cheapest form of energy. As these sources can’t be constant in time, new industrial research challenges have already been shifted to electricity storage from the grid. Here we present an innovative concept of electricity storage system, based on the field of bioelectrochemical systems. Electromethanogenesis is one of the most recent applications in this field, where methanogenic microorganisms of the Archaea domain can fix CO2 to methane, under electrical stimulation. In other words, electricity can be efficiently converted into CH4, i.e. one of the most commonly used fuels, territorially-distributed with a capillary grid in most EU-Countries. What is needed, to implement this process, is a relatively concentrated source of CO2 in an anaerobic acqueous environment. Currently in our society, huge concentrated streams of CO2 are released into the atmosphere every day from wastewater and waste treatment facilities, as well as from landfills. To treat sewage and organic waste, organic matter is degraded to inorganic carbon, mainly by microbial oxidation processes, which are strongly energy-intensive. In perspective, every wastewater treatment, anaerobic digestion, organic waste composting facility and controlled ladfill could be a key hotspot to transform excess grid electricity into biomethane, while treating waste with the same energy. Biomethane could be injected to the distribution grid and the waste-management facilities would become the interface between the two grids. To achieve this scenario, efforts in scaling up electromethanogenesis systems and new bioelectrodes materials (e.g. electro-active biochar) are needed. Here, we summarize some key steps in this field of research and the constraints that are to be overcome.

Keywords


References

Bajracharya, S., Heijne, A. ter, Benetton, X.D., Vanbroekhoven, K., Buisman, C.J.N., Strik, D.P.B.T.B., Pant, D., 2015. Carbon dioxide reduction by mixed and pure cultures in microbial electrosynthesis using an assembly of graphite felt and stainless steel as a cathode. Bioresour. Technol. 195, 14–24. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2015.05.081

Bapteste, É., Brochier, C., Boucher, Y.A.N., 2005. Higher-level classification of the Archaea : evolution of methanogenesis and methanogens 353–363.

Batlle-Vilanova, P., Puig, S., Gonzalez-Olmos, R., Vilajeliu-Pons, A., Balaguer, M.D., Colprim, J., 2015. Deciphering the electron transfer mechanisms for biogas upgrading to biomethane within a mixed culture biocathode. RSC Adv. 5, 52243–52251. https://doi.org/10.1039/C5RA09039C

Blasco-Gómez, R., Batlle-Vilanova, P., Villano, M., Balaguer, M., Colprim, J., Puig, S., 2017. On the Edge of Research and Technological Application: A Critical Review of Electromethanogenesis. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 18, 874. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms18040874

Bo, T., Zhu, X., Zhang, L., Tao, Y., He, X., Li, D., Yan, Z., 2014. A new upgraded biogas production process: Coupling microbial electrolysis cell and anaerobic digestion in single-chamber, barrel-shape stainless steel reactor. Electrochem. commun. 45, 67–70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.elecom.2014.05.026

Breyer, C., Gerlach, A., 2013. Global overview on grid-parity. Prog. Photovolt Res. Appl. 21, 121–136. https://doi.org/10.1002/pip

Carey, D.E., Yang, Y., McNamara, P.J., Mayer, B.K., 2016. Recovery of agricultural nutrients from biorefineries. Bioresour. Technol. 215, 186–198. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2016.02.093

Chen, S., Rotaru, A.-E., Shrestha, P.M., Malvankar, N.S., Liu, F., Fan, W., Nevin, K.P., Lovley, D.R., 2014. Promoting interspecies electron transfer with biochar. Sci. Rep. 4, 5019. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep05019

Cheng, S., Xing, D., Call, D.F., Logan, B.E., 2009a. Direct Biological Conversion of Electrical Current into Methane by Electromethanogenesis. Environ. Sci. Technol. 43, 3953–3958. https://doi.org/10.1021/es803531g

Cheng, S., Xing, D., Call, D.F., Logan, B.E., 2009b. Direct biological conversion of electrical current into methane by electromethanogenesis. Environ. Sci. Technol. 43, 3953–3958. https://doi.org/10.1021/es803531g

Cruz Viggi, C., Simonetti, S., Palma, E., Pagliaccia, P., Braguglia, C., Fazi, S., Baronti, S., Navarra, M.A., Pettiti, I., Koch, C., Harnisch, F., Aulenta, F., 2017. Enhancing methane production from food waste fermentate using biochar: the added value of electrochemical testing in pre-selecting the most effective type of biochar. Biotechnol. Biofuels 10, 303. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13068-017-0994-7

EURObserv’ER, 2014. Biogas barometer.

Gahleitner, G., 2013. Hydrogen from renewable electricity: An international review of power-to-gas pilot plants for stationary applications. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 38, 2039–2061. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.12.010

Götz, M., Lefebvre, J., Mörs, F., McDaniel Koch, A., Graf, F., Bajohr, S., Reimert, R., Kolb, T., 2016. Renewable Power-to-Gas: A technological and economic review. Renew. Energy 85, 1371–1390. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2015.07.066

Hara, M., Onaka, Y., Kobayashi, H., Fu, Q., Kawaguchi, H., Vilcaez, J., Sato, K., 2013. Mechanism of electromethanogenic reduction of CO2 by a thermophilic methanogen. Energy Procedia 37, 7021–7028. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2013.06.637

Holmes, D.E., Shrestha, P.M., Walker, D.J.F., Dang, Y., Nevin, K.P., Woodard, T.L., Lovley, D.R., 2017. Metatranscriptomic Evidence for Direct Interspecies Electron Transfer Between Geobacter and Methanothrix Species in Methanogenic Rice Paddy Soils. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. AEM.00223-17. https://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.00223-17

Jadhav, D.A., Ghosh Ray, S., Ghangrekar, M.M., 2017. Third generation in bio-electrochemical system research ??? A systematic review on mechanisms for recovery of valuable by-products from wastewater. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 76, 1022–1031. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2017.03.096

Kappler, A., Wuestner, M.L., Ruecker, A., Harter, J., Halama, M., Behrens, S., 2014. Biochar as an Electron Shuttle between Bacteria and Fe(III) Minerals. Environ. Sci. Technol. Lett. 1, 339–344. https://doi.org/10.1021/ez5002209

Kloss, S., Zehetner, F., Dellantonio, A., Hamid, R., Ottner, F., Liedtke, V., Schwanninger, M., Gerzabek, M.H., Soja, G., 2012. Characterization of Slow Pyrolysis Biochars: Effects of Feedstocks and Pyrolysis Temperature on Biochar Properties. J. Environ. Qual. 41, 990. https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq2011.0070

Logan, B.E., Rabaey, K., 2012. Conversion of Wastes into Bioelectricity and Chemicals by Using Microbial Electrochemical Technologies. Science (80-. ). 337, 686–690. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1216852

Lovley, D.R., 2011. Reach out and touch someone: potential impact of DIET (direct interspecies energy transfer) on anaerobic biogeochemistry, bioremediation, and bioenergy. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11157-011-9236-9

Lü, F., Luo, C., Shao, L., He, P., 2016. Biochar alleviates combined stress of ammonium and acids by firstly enriching Methanosaeta and then Methanosarcina. Water Res. 90, 34–43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2015.12.029

Manzini, E., Scaglia, B., Schievano, A., Adani, F., 2015. Dark fermentation effectiveness as a key step for waste biomass refineries: influence of organic matter macromolecular composition and bioavailability. Int. J. Energy Res. 31, n/a-n/a. https://doi.org/10.1002/er.3347

McCarty, P.L., Bae, J., Kim, J., 2011. Domestic wastewater treatment as a net energy producer-can this be achieved? Environ. Sci. Technol. 45, 7100–7106. https://doi.org/10.1021/es2014264

Mumme, J., Srocke, F., Heeg, K., Werner, M., 2014. Use of biochars in anaerobic digestion. Bioresour. Technol. 164, 189–197. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.BIORTECH.2014.05.008

Pognani, M., D’Imporzano, G., Minetti, C., Scotti, S., Adani, F., 2015. Optimization of solid state anaerobic digestion of the OFMSW by digestate recirculation: A new approach. Waste Manag. 35, 111–118. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.WASMAN.2014.09.009

Premier, G.C., Kim, J.R., Massanet-Nicolau, J., Kyazze, G., Esteves, S.R.R., Penumathsa, B.K. V, Rodríguez, J., Maddy, J., Dinsdale, R.M., Guwy, a. J., 2013. Integration of biohydrogen, biomethane and bioelectrochemical systems. Renew. Energy 49, 188–192. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2012.01.035

Rabaey, K., Rozendal, R. a, 2010. Microbial electrosynthesis - revisiting the electrical route for microbial production. Nat. Rev. Microbiol. 8, 706–716. https://doi.org/10.1038/nrmicro2422

Schievano, A., Pepé Sciarria, T., Vanbroekhoven, K., De Wever, H., Puig, S., Andersen, S.J., Rabaey, K., Pant, D., 2016. Electro-Fermentation – Merging Electrochemistry with Fermentation in Industrial Applications. Trends Biotechnol. 34, 866–878. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tibtech.2016.04.007

Schievano, A., Sciarria, T.P., Gao, Y.C., Scaglia, B., Salati, S., Zanardo, M., Quiao, W., Dong, R., Adani, F., 2016. Dark fermentation, anaerobic digestion and microbial fuel cells: An integrated system to valorize swine manure and rice bran. Waste Manag. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2016.07.001

Schievano, A., Tenca, A., Lonati, S., Manzini, E., Adani, F., 2014. Can two-stage instead of one-stage anaerobic digestion really increase energy recovery from biomass? Appl. Energy 124, 335–342.

Schievano, A., Tenca, A., Scaglia, B., Merlino, G., Rizzi, A., Daffonchio, D., Oberti, R., Adani, F., 2012. Two-stage vs single-stage thermophilic anaerobic digestion: Comparison of energy production and biodegradation efficiencies. Environ. Sci. Technol. 46, 8502–8510.

Swarnalakshmi, K., Prasanna, R., Kumar, A., Pattnaik, S., Chakravarty, K., Shivay, Y.S., Singh, R., Saxena, A.K., 2013. Evaluating the influence of novel cyanobacterial biofilmed biofertilizers on soil fertility and plant nutrition in wheat. Eur. J. Soil Biol. 55, 107–116. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejsobi.2012.12.008

van Eerten-Jansen, M.C.A.A., Jansen, N.C., Plugge, C.M., de Wilde, V., Buisman, C.J.N., ter Heijne, A., 2015. Analysis of the mechanisms of bioelectrochemical methane production by mixed cultures. J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol. 90, 963–970. https://doi.org/10.1002/jctb.4413

Venetsaneas, N., Antonopoulou, G., Stamatelatou, K., Kornaros, M., Lyberatos, G., 2009. Using cheese whey for hydrogen and methane generation in a two-stage continuous process with alternative pH controlling approaches. Bioresour. Technol. 100, 3713–3717. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2009.01.025

You, J., Santoro, C., Greenman, J., Melhuish, C., Cristiani, P., Li, B., Ieropoulos, I., 2014. Micro-porous layer (MPL)-based anode for microbial fuel cells. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 39, 21811–21818. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2014.07.136

Zhao, G., Ma, F., Sun, T., Li, S., You, K., Zhao, Z., 2014. Analysis of microbial community in a full-scale biogas digester of cold region using high-throughput sequencing technology. Harbin Gongye Daxue Xuebao/Journal Harbin Inst. Technol. 46.

Zoss, T., Dace, E., Blumberga, D., 2016. Modeling a power-to-renewable methane system for an assessment of power grid balancing options in the Baltic States’ region. Appl. Energy 170, 278–285. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.APENERGY.2016.02.137

Zoulias, E., Varkaraki, E., 2004. A review on water electrolysis. Tcjst 4, 41–71.



sep
30