an official journal of: published by:
Editor in Chief: RAFFAELLO COSSU

CONSTRUCTION WASTE MANAGEMENT PERFORMANCE IN GREEN BUILDING: CONTEXTUALISING LEED IN CHINA

  • Zhikang Bao - Department of Real Estate and Construction , Faculty of Architecture, University of Hong Kong , Hong Kong
  • Weisheng Lu - Department of Real Estate and Construction , Faculty of Architecture, University of Hong Kong , Hong Kong
  • Bin Chi - Department of Real Estate and Construction , Faculty of Architecture, University of Hong Kong , Hong Kong
  • Jane Hao - Department of Civil Engineering , Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University , China

DOI 10.31025/2611-4135/2020.13992

Released under CC BY-NC-ND

Copyright: © 2019 CISA Publisher

Editorial History

  • Received: 12 Jul 2019
  • Revised: 14 Feb 2020
  • Accepted: 25 Mar 2020
  • Available online: 24 Jul 2020

Abstract

Construction waste issues have raised considerable concern in recent decades. Green building (GB) has been adopted around the globe as a strategy to curtail building-related environmental issues, including construction waste. Particularly in China, with the soaring construction activities tied to urbanization and urban regeneration, massive construction waste has been generated, imposing tremendous pressure on the industry and beyond. China is also vigorously pursuing a national GB strategy, but its effects on construction waste management (CWM) are yet to be confirmed. This paper evaluates CWM performance in GB by putting the dyads into China's particular Political, Economic, Social, and Technical (PEST) context. By analysing a total of 310 LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) accredited GB projects in China, it is surprisingly discovered that GB does not prominently improve CWM. The paper goes further to understand the causes of the mediocre CWM performance, by conducting ten semi-structured interviews with GB and CWM practitioners in China. Finally, a comprehensive PEST analysis is conducted to discuss the situation in the context of China. Factors such as (a) incomplete CWM regulations in China, (b) lack of economic incentives, (c) lacklustre awareness about CWM, and (d) lack of advanced technologies, caused the CWM performance in GB. Based on the PEST analyses, some targeted strategies are also recommended. This study is of benefits to both researchers and practitioners in the GB industry.

Keywords


References

Ajayi, S. O., Oyedele, L. O., Akinade, O. O., Bilal, M., Owolabi, H. A., Alaka, H. A., & Kadiri, K. O. (2016). Reducing waste to landfill: A need for cultural change in the UK construction industry. Journal of Building Engineering, 5, 185-193

Bao, Z., Lu, W., Chi, B., Yuan, H., & Hao, J. (2019). Procurement innovation for a circular economy of construction and demolition waste: lessons learnt from Suzhou, China. Waste Management, 99, 12-21

Bao, Z., & Lu, W. (2020). Developing efficient circularity for construction and demolition waste management in fast emerging economies: Lessons learned from Shenzhen, China. Science of The Total Environment, 138264

Castleton, H. F., Stovin, V., Beck, S. B., & Davison, J. B. (2010). Green roofs; building energy savings and the potential for retrofit. Energy and buildings, 42(10), 1582-1591

Chen, X., Lu, W., Xue, F., & Xu, J. (2018). A cost-benefit analysis of green buildings with respect to construction waste minimization using big data in Hong Kong. Journal of Green Building, 13(4), 61-76

Chi, B., Lu, W., Ye, M., Bao, Z., & Zhang, X. (2020). Construction waste minimization in green building: A comparative analysis of LEED-NC 2009 certified projects in the US and China. Journal of Cleaner Production, 120749

Cohen, S., Demeritt, D., Robinson, J., & Rothman, D. (1998). Climate change and sustainable development: towards dialogue. Global Environmental Change, 8(4), 341-371

Duran, X., Lenihan, H., & O’Regan, B. (2006). A model for assessing the economic viability of construction and demolition waste recycling—the case of Ireland. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 46(3), 302-320

EPA. (2016). Green Building. Available at https://bit.ly/2SeDi83 [Access 9 July 2019]

EPD. (1998). Monitoring of Solid Waste in Hong Kong. Environmental Protection Department, Hong Kong. Available from: https://bit.ly/2XvsJ1q [Access 9 July 2019]

Poon, C. S. (2007). Reducing construction waste. Waste Management, (12), 1715-1716

Fuerst, F., & McAllister, P. (2011). The impact of energy performance certificates on the rental and capital values of commercial property assets. Energy Policy, 39(10), 6608-6614

Gou, Z., & Lau, S. S.-Y. (2014). Contextualizing green building rating systems: Case study of Hong Kong. Habitat International, 44(C), 282-289.
DOI 10.1016/j.habitatint.2014.07.008

Huang, B., Wang, X., Kua, H., Geng, Y., Bleischwitz, R., & Ren, J. (2018). Construction and demolition waste management in China through the 3R principle. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 129, 36-44

Kibert, C. J. (2004). Green buildings: an overview of progress. Journal of Land Use & Environmental Law, 19(2), 491-502

Kofoworola, O. F., & Gheewala, S. H. (2009). Estimation of construction waste generation and management in Thailand. Waste Management, 29(2), 731-738

Ling, Y. Y., & Leo, K. C. (2000). Reusing timber formwork: importance of workmen’s efficiency and attitude. Building and Environment, 35(2), 135-143

Lu, W., & Tam, V. W. (2013). Construction waste management policies and their effectiveness in Hong Kong: A longitudinal review. Renewable and sustainable energy reviews, 23, 214-223

Lu, W., & Yuan, H. (2011). A framework for understanding waste management studies in construction. Waste Management, 31(6)

Lu, W., Chen, X., Peng, Y., & Liu, X. (2018). The effects of green building on construction waste minimization: Triangulating ‘big data’ with ‘thick data’. Waste management, 79, 142-152

Lu, W., Chen, X., Peng, Y., & Shen, L. (2015). Benchmarking construction waste management performance using big data. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 105, 49-58

Lu, W., Chi, B., Bao, Z., & Zetkulic, A. (2019). Evaluating the effects of green building on construction waste management: A comparative study of three green building rating systems. Building and Environment, 155, 247-256

Lu, W., Webster, C., Peng Y., Chen, X., & Zhang, X.L. (2016). Estimating and calibrating the amount of building-related construction and demolition waste in urban China. International Journal of Construction Management, 17(1), 13-24

NBS (National Bureau of Statistics of China) (2019). Annual national economy summary, Beijing Statistics, Beijing

Peng, C. L., Scorpio, D. E., & Kibert, C. J. (1997). Strategies for successful construction and demolition waste recycling operations. Construction Management & Economics, 15(1), 49-58

Roche, T. D., & Hegarty, S. (2006). Best practice guidelines on the preparation of waste management plans for construction and demolition projects. Department of the Environment, Community and Local Government: Dublin, Ireland

Sammut‐Bonnici, T., & Galea, D. (2015). PEST analysis. Wiley Encyclopedia of management, 1-1

Shen, L., Hong, Y., & Griffith, A. (2006). Improving environmental performance by means of empowerment of contractors. Management of environmental quality: an international journal, 17(3), 242-257

Shen, L., Hao, J.L., Tam, V. W. Y., & Yao, H. (2007). A checklist for assessing sustainability performance of construction projects. Journal of Civil Engineering Management, 13(4), 273-281

Shen, L., Peng, Y., Zhang, X., & Wu, Y. (2012). An alternative model for evaluating sustainable urbanization. Cities, 29(1), 32-39

Shuai, C., Chen, X., Wu, Y., Tan, Y., Zhang, Y., & Shen, L. (2018). Identifying the key impact factors of carbon emission in China: Results from a largely expanded pool of potential impact factors. Journal of Cleaner Production, 175, 612-623

Tam, C. M., Tam, V. W., & Tsui, W. S. (2004). Green construction assessment for environmental management in the construction industry of Hong Kong. International Journal of Project Management, 22(7), 563-571

USGBC (2018), U.S. Green Building Council Releases Annual Top 10 Conutries and Regions for LEED, Available at: https://bit.ly/32kYdeh [Access 9 July 2019]

USGBC (2019). Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design. Available at https://new.usgbc.org/leed. [Access 9 July 2019]

Vierra, S. (2014). Green building standards and certification systems. Green Building Standards and Certification Systems, 27

Wang, J. Y., Kang, X. P., & Wing-Yan Tam, V. (2008). An investigation of construction wastes: an empirical study in Shenzhen. Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology, 6(3), 227-236

Wang, X., Yang, L., & Ye, Y. (2019). Contention for urban state space and the rise of society in China: A case study of “Housing Planting” in Hohhot. Cities, 92, 219-229. Wu, P., & Low, S. P. (2010). Project Management and Green Buildings: Lessons from the Rating Systems. Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice, 136(2), 64-70

Wu, Z., Shen, L., Ann, T. W., & Zhang, X. (2016). A comparative analysis of waste management requirements between five green building rating systems for new residential buildings. Journal of cleaner production, 112, 895-902

Wu, Z., Yu, A.T.W., & Shen, L. (2017). Investigating the determinants of contractor’s construction and demolition waste management behavior in Mainland China. Waste Management, 60, 290-300

Yang, L., Chau, K. W., Szeto, W. Y., Cui, X., & Wang, X. (2020). Accessibility to transit, by transit, and property prices: Spatially varying relationships. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 84, 102387

Wu, Z., Yu, A.T.W., & Poon, C.S. (2019). An off-site snapshot methodology for estimating building construction waste composition - a case study of Hong Kong. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 77, 128-135

Yang, L., Zhou, J., Shyr, O. F., & Huo, D. D. (2019). Does bus accessibility affect property prices? Cities, 84, 56-65

Ye, G., Yuan, H., Shen, L., & Wang, H. (2012). Simulating effects of management measures on the improvement of the environmental performance of construction waste management. Resources, conservation and recycling, 62, 56-63

Yuan, H. (2013). A SWOT analysis of successful construction waste management. Journal of Cleaner Production, 39, 1-8

Yüksel, I. (2012). Developing a multi-criteria decision making model for PESTEL analysis. International Journal of Business and Management, 7(24), 52

Zhang, Y., & Altan, H. (2011). A comparison of the occupant comfort in a conventional high-rise office block and a contemporary environmentally-concerned building. Building and Environment, 46(2), 535-545

Zhang, Y., Kang, J., & Jin, H. (2018). A review of green building development in China from the perspective of energy saving. Energies, 11(2), 334

Zheng, L., Wu, H., Zhang, H., Duan, H., Wang, J., Jiang, W., ... & Song, Q. (2017). Characterizing the generation and flows of construction and demolition waste in China. Construction and Building Materials, 136, 405-413


nov
18
nov
16