an official journal of: published by:
Editor in Chief: RAFFAELLO COSSU

BIOLOGICAL METABOLITES RECOVERY FROM BEVERAGE PRODUCTION SOLID RESIDUES THROUGH ACIDOGENIC FERMENTATION

  • Francesca Girotto - University of Padova, Department of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering, Italy
  • Sigrid Kusch - University of Southampton, Water and Environmental Engineering Group, United Kingdom
  • Maria Cristina Lavagnolo - University of Padova, Department of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering, Italy

DOI 10.31025/2611-4135/2019.13770

Released under CC BY-NC-ND

Copyright: © 2019 CISA Publisher

Editorial History

  • Received: 06 Oct 2018
  • Revised: 14 Dec 2018
  • Accepted: 11 Jan 2019
  • Available online: 30 Jan 2019

Abstract

Acidogenic fermentation was applied to evaluate the potential recovery of biological monomers as precursors in bio-plastic production. Three residual organic substrates from high-volume beverage sectors (coffee, orange juice, beer) were assessed: spent coffee grounds (SCG), orange peels (OP), and brewers’ spent grains (BSG). Batch fermentation tests were set up. SCG and OP were studied as single substrates and combined to evaluate yields of target monomers (volatile fatty acids, ethanol, lactate) and to reveal interactions between the matrixes. NaOH pre-treatment was applied to SCG to enhance disruption of the lignocellulosic cell wall. BSG was studied without pre-treatment and following acid or alkaline pre-treatment, with acidogenic fermentation being initiated with two different initial pH values (7; 9). Acetogenic fermentation was achieved with all substrates, although with different yields of target monomers. In terms of total biological metabolite production, following alkaline pre-treatment, OP and BSG, both fermented at an initial pH 9, showed the best performance, yielding 62.6 g and 62.0 g target monomers per litre substrate. For all substrates, acetic and butyric acids were the most abundant products. In the case of OP fermentation, butyrate accounted for 57% (35.8 g/L) of the total. The BSG test with the highest total yield also achieved the highest acetate yield (36.7 g/L). The results confirm that OP and BSG should be considered a priority sustainable feedstock for the supply of biological monomers, particularly if polyhydroxyalkanoates are to be produced. SCG are better suited to aceto-oriented approaches, such as the production of polyvinyl acetate.

Keywords


References

Agler, M., Wrenn, B., Zinder, S., Angenent, L., 2011. Waste to bioproduct conversion with undefined mixed cultures: the carboxylate platform. Trends Biotechnol

Akunna, J.C., 2015. Anaerobic treatment of brewery wastes. Brewing Microbiology. 407-424

Aliyu, S., Bala, M., 2011. Brewers’ spent grain: a review of its potentials and applications. African Journal of Biotechnology, 10(3), 324-331

Alibardi, L., Favaro, L., Lavagnolo, M.C., Basaglia, M., Casella, S., 2012. Effects of heat treatment on microbial communities of granular sludge for biological hydrogen production. Water Sci. Technol. 66(7), 1483-1490

APHA/AWWA/WEF, 2012. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, Standard Methods. ISBN 9780875532356

Behmel, U., Leupold, G., Vieweger, S., 1993. Production of biogas from plant waste. Part 1. Optimized hydrolysis of the lignocellulosic components in spent grain. Chemie, Mikrobiologie, Technologie der Lebensmittel 15, 55–61

Bicas, J.L., Fontanille, P., Pastore, G.M., Larroche, C., 2008. Characterization of monoterpene biotransformation in two pseudomonads. J. Appl. Microbiol. 105, 1991-2001.
DOI 10.1111/j.1365-2672.2008.03923.x

Calabrò, P.S., Panzera, M.F., 2018a. Anaerobic digestion of ensiled orange peel waste: preliminary batch results. Thermal Science and Engineering Progress

Calabrò, P.S., Paone, E., Komilis, D., 2018b. Strategies for the sustainable management of orange peel waste through anaerobic digestion. Journal of environmental management, 212, 462-468

Chaturvedi, V., Verma, P., 2013. An overview of key pretreatment processes employed for bioconversion of lignocellulosic biomass into biofuels and value added products. Biotech. 3, 415–431

Dahiya, S., Sarkar, O., Swamy, Y.V., Mohan, S.V., 2015. Acidogenic fermentation of food waste for volatile fatty acid production with co-generation of biohydrogen. Bioresource technology, 182, 103-113

da Silva, F.F.M., Ferreira, D.A., Monte, F.J.Q., de Mattos, M.C., de Lemos, T.L.G., 2016. The orange peel as biocatalyst for the hydrolysis of esters. Industrial Crops and Products, 84, 22-27

El Kantar, S., Boussetta, N., Rajha, H. N., Maroun, R.G., Louka, N., Vorobiev, E., 2018. High voltage electrical discharges combined with enzymatic hydrolysis for extraction of polyphenols and fermentable sugars from orange peels. Food Research International

Fan, Y. T., Zhang, G. S., Guo, X. Y., Xing, Y., Fan, M.H., 2006. Biohydrogen-production from beer lees biomass by cow dung compost. Biomass and Bioenergy, 30(5), 493-496

FAO - Food and Agriculture Organization, 2015. FAOSTAT emissions database: agriculture. http://faostat3.fao.org/download/Q/QC/E

Fillaudeau, L., Blanpain-Avet, P., Daufin, G., 2006. Water, wastewater and waste management in brewing industries. Journal of cleaner production, 14(5), 463-471

Firestone, D., 1994. Official methods and recommended practices of the American Oil Chemists’ Society. AOCS Press. 4th edn, 2–5.
DOI 10.1002/0471740039.vec0152

Foss, S., Heyen, U., Harder, J., 1998. Alcaligenes defragrans sp. nov., description of four strains isolated on alkenoic monoterpenes ((+)-menthene, a-pinene, 2-carene and a-phellandrene) and nitrate. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 21, 237–244

Gameiro, T., Lopes, M., Marinho, R., Vergine, P., Nadais, H., Capela, I., 2016. Hydrolytic-acidogenic fermentation of organic solid waste for volatile fatty acids production at different solids concentrations and alkalinity addition. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 227(10), 391

Gáspár, M., Kálmán, G., Réczey, K., 2007. Corn fiber as a raw material for hemicellulose and ethanol production. Process Biochem. 42, 1135–1139

Girotto, F., Lavagnolo, M. C., Pivato, A., Cossu, R., 2017a. Acidogenic fermentation of the organic fraction of municipal solid waste and cheese whey for bio-plastic precursors recovery–Effects of process conditions during batch tests. Waste Management, 70, 71-80

Girotto, F., Lavagnolo, M. C., Pivato, A., 2017b. Spent Coffee Grounds Alkaline Pre-treatment as Biorefinery Option to Enhance their Anaerobic Digestion Yield. Waste and Biomass Valorization, 1-6

Girotto, F., Pivato, A., Cossu, R., Nkeng, G. E., Lavagnolo, M.C., 2017c. The broad spectrum of possibilities for spent coffee grounds valorisation. Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management, 20(1), 695-701

Girotto, F., Lavagnolo, M. C., Pivato, A., 2017d. Spent coffee grounds alkaline pre-treatment as biorefinery option to enhance their anaerobic digestion yield. Waste and Biomass Valorization, 1-6

Heyen, U., Harder, J., 1998. Cometabolic isoterpinolene formation from isolimonene by denitrifying Alcaligenes defragrans. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 169, 67–71

International Coffee Organization, 2018. Coffee Market Report – June 2018. http://www.ico.org/documents/cy2017-18/cmr-0618-e.pdf Accessed July 2018

Kan, X., Zhang, J., Tong, Y.W., Wang, C H., 2018. Overall evaluation of microwave-assisted alkali pretreatment for enhancement of biomethane production from brewers’ spent grain. Energy Conversion and Management, 158, 315-326

Karmee, S.K., 2017. A spent coffee grounds based biorefinery for the production of biofuels, biopolymers, antioxidants and biocomposites. Waste Manage. 72, 240-254

Kendal, N.T., 1994. Barley and malt. In: Hardwick, W.A. (Ed.), Handbook of Brewing. Marcel Dekker, New York, pp. 109-120

Kimball, D.A., 1999. Citrus Processing: A Complete Guide. 2nd ed. Aspen Publishers Inc., Gaithersburg, Maryland (USA)

Koppar, A., Pullammanappallil, P., 2013. Anaerobic digestion of peel waste and wastewater for on site energy generation in a citrus processing facility. Energy 60, 62–68

Kovalcik, A., Kucera, D., Matouskova, P., Pernicova, I., Obruca, S., Kalina, M., Marova, I., 2018. Influence of removal of microbial inhibitors on PHA production from spent coffee grounds employing Halomonas halophila. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 6(2), 3495-3501

Kunze, W., 1996. In: Mieth, H.O. (Ed.), Technology Brewing and Malting-International Edition. VLB, Berlin. 726

Lavagnolo, M.C., Girotto, F., Rafieenia, R., Danieli, L., Alibardi, L., 2018. Two-stage anaerobic digestion of the organic fraction of municipal solid waste e Effects of process conditions during batch tests. Renewable Energy, 126, 14-20

Liang, S., Wan, C., 2015. Carboxylic acid production from brewers’ spent grain via mixed culture fermentation. Bioresource technology, 182, 179-183

Macheiner, D., Adamitsch, B.F., Karner, F., Hampel, W.A., 2003. Pre-treatment and hydrolysis of brewers’ spent grains. Engineering in life sciences, 3(10), 401-405

Martín, M. A., Fernández, R., Gutiérrez, M. C., Siles, J.A., 2018. Thermophilic anaerobic digestion of pre-treated orange peel: Modelling of methane production. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 117, 245-253

Mussatto, S.I., Roberto, I.C., 2004. Alternatives for detoxification of dilute-acid lignocellulosic hydrolyzates for use in fermentative process: a review. Bioresource Technology 93, 1-10

Mussatto, S.I., Dragone, G., Roberto, I.C., 2006. Brewers’ spent grain: generation, charac¬teristics and potential applications. Journal of Cereal Science, 43, 1–14

Mussatto, S.I., Machado, E.M.S., Martins, S., Teixeira, J.A., 2011. Production, composition, and application of coffee and its industrial residues. Food Bioprocess Tech. 4, 661–672

Obruca, S., Benesova, P., Kucera, D., Petrik, S., Marova, I., 2015. Biotechnological conversion of spent coffee grounds into polyhydroxyalkanoates and carotenoids. New Biotechnol. 32 (6), 569–574

Pan, J., Zhang, R., El-Mashad, H.M., Sun, H., Ying, Y., 2008. Effect of food to microorganism ratio on biohydrogen production from food waste via anaerobic fermentation. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 33, 6968–6975

Park, J., Kim, B., Lee, J.W., 2016. In-situ transesterification of wet spent coffee grounds for sustainable biodiesel production. Bioresour. Technol. 221, 55–60

Pellera, F.M., Santori, S., Pomi, R., Polettini, A., Gidarakos, E., 2016. Effect of alkaline pretreatment on anaerobic digestion of olive mill solid waste. Waste Manag. 58, 160–168

Qureshi, A. S., Khushk, I., Naqvi, S. R., Simiar, A. A., Ali, C. H., Naqvi, M., Rehan, M., 2017. Fruit Waste to Energy through Open Fermentation. Energy Procedia, 142, 904-909

Ravindran, R., Jaiswal, S., Abu-Ghannam, N., Jaiswal, A.K., 2018. A comparative analysis of pretreatment strategies on the properties and hydrolysis of brewers’ spent grain. Bioresource technology, 248, 272-279

Ren, N.Q., Chua, H., Chan, S.Y., Tsang, Y.F., Wang, Y.J., Sin, N., 2007. Assessing optimal fermentation type for bio-hydrogen production in continuous-flow acidogenic reactors. Bioresource Technology, 98(9), 1774-1780

Ruiz, B., Flotats, X., 2014. Citrus essential oils and their influence on the anaerobic digestion process: an overview. Waste Manag. 34, 2063–2079

Smith, O., 2017. The surprising countries that consume the most beer per capita. The Telegraph

Stojceska, V., Ainsworth, P., Plunkett, A., İbanogˇlu, S., 2008. The recycling of brewers’ processing by-product into ready-to-eat snacks using extrusion technology. Journal of Cereal Science, 47(3), 469-479

Statista, 2018. Consumer Goods & FMCG. Food & Nutrition https://www.statista.com/statistics/425760/consumption-of-fruit-juice-italy/

Steel, R., Torrie, J., 1980. Principles and procedures of statistics: a biometrical approach. 161

Taherzadeh, M.J., Karimi, K., 2008. Pretreatment of lignocellulosic wastes to improve ethanol and biogas production: a review. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 9, 1621–51

Torres, M. L., Lloréns, M.D.C.E., 2008. Effect of alkaline pretreatment on anaerobic digestion of solid wastes. Waste Management, 28(11), 2229-2234

Van Ginkel, S.W., Oh, S.E., Logan, B.E., 2005. Biohydrogen gas production from food processing and domestic wastewaters. Int. J. Hydrog. En. 30, 1535–1542

Wilkinson, L., 1992. SYSTAT for Windows: statistics, graphics, data, getting started, version 5

Yang, L.F., Cao, J., Jin, Y.C., Chang, H.M., Jameel, H., Phillips, R., Li, Z.Z., 2012. Effects of sodium carbonate pretreatment on the chemical compositions and enzymatic saccharification of rice straw. Bioresour. Technol. 124, 283–291

Yin, J., Yu, X., Zhang, Y., Shen, D., Wang, M., Long, Y., Chen, T., 2016b. Enhancement of acidogenic fermentation for volatile fatty acid production from food waste: effect of redox potential and inoculum. Bioresour. Technol. 216, 996–1003

Zema, D. A., Fòlino, A., Zappia, G., Calabrò, P. S., Tamburino, V., Zimbone, S. M., 2018. Anaerobic digestion of orange peel in a semi-continuous pilot plant: An environmentally sound way of citrus waste management in agro-ecosystems. Science of The Total Environment, 630, 401-408


feb
23
sep
30