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Editor in Chief: RAFFAELLO COSSU

HIGH-SOLID ANAEROBIC CO-DIGESTION OF FOOD WASTE AND DAIRY MANURE: A PILOT SCALE STUDY AT LOW-TO-MODERATE TEMPERATURE CONDITIONS

  • Rajinikanth Rajagopal - Sherbrooke Research and Development Center , Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada , Canada
  • Bernard Goyette - Sherbrooke Research and Development Center , Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada , Canada
  • Jean-François Hince - Bio-Terre Systems Inc. , Canada

DOI 10.31025/2611-4135/2019.13785

Released under CC BY-NC-ND

Copyright: © 2018 CISA Publisher

Editorial History

  • Received: 30 Nov 2018
  • Revised: 22 Feb 2019
  • Accepted: 22 Feb 2019
  • Available online: 31 Mar 2019

Abstract

Treating organic solid wastes economically is a challenge, predominantly in cold and high-altitude regions. Objective of this research was to determine the operating strategies to reduce the start-up phase of high-solid anaerobic digestion (HSAD) process and to improve the digestion of food waste (mainly fruits and vegetable wastes [FVW]) with or without animal manure in a low-cost AD system at 20-25°C. In addition, this study aimed to obtain the basic design criteria for starting up of scaled-up HSAD system using adapted liquid inoculum. Inoculum to feedstock ratio was varied from 6:1 to 3:1. The organic loading rate (OLR) expressed as volatile solids (VS) and operational cycle length was varied from 0.44 -2.1 KgVS Kginoculum-1 d-1 and 33 -14d, respectively. Obtained results show that methane (CH4) production from FVW was feasible at low-to-moderate temperature and specific methane yield of 0.4-0.6 L gVS-1 was observed even at high OLR. CH4 conversion rates and its quality were not affected, while maintaining the operational stability (e.g. no acidification or VFA accumulations). CH4 content reached over 60Ϻnd remained almost steady. Results also suggest that HSAD process at 25°C is comparatively efficient in saving heat energy and at the same time obtains the CH4 values close to mesophilic conditions. This means that the smaller size digester (in the case of HSAD) is preferred as there is no waste dilution involved and also suitable for cold countries. Using this concept, livestock producers can play a role in reducing GHG emissions while also earning C-offset credits.

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