an official journal of: published by:
Editor in Chief: RAFFAELLO COSSU

FUGITIVE METHANE EMISSIONS FROM TWO EXPERIMENTAL BIOCOVERS CONSTRUCTED WITH TROPICAL RESIDUAL SOILS: FIELD STUDY USING A LARGE FLUX CHAMBER

  • Rafaela Franqueto - Universidade Regional de Blumenau - FURB, Brazil
  • Alexandre Cabral - Civil and Building Engineering , Université de Sherbrooke, Canada
  • Marlon André Capanema - Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia de Goiás, Brazil
  • Waldir Nagel Schirmer - Universidade Estadual do Centro-oeste (UNICENTRO), Brazil

DOI 10.31025/2611-4135/2019.13844

Released under CC BY-NC-ND

Copyright: © 2019 CISA Publisher

Editorial History

  • Received: 17 Jan 2019
  • Revised: 06 Jun 2019
  • Accepted: 11 Sep 2019
  • Available online: 26 Sep 2019

Abstract

This study aimed at assessing the response of two experimental passive methane oxidation biocovers (PMOB) installed in a Brazilian landfill located in Guarapuava, State of Paraná. The PMOBs covered an area of 18 m² each, and were 0.70-m-thick. The first PMOB (control subarea) was constructed using the same soil used to cover closed landfill cells, i.e. a typical residual soil. The second PMOB (enriched subarea) was constructed with a mixture of the residual soil and mature compost, with a resulting organic matter content equal to 4.5%. CH4 and CO2 surface fluxes were measured in a relatively large (4.5 m²) static chamber. CH4, CO2 and O2 concentrations were also measured at different depths (0.10, 0.20, 0.25 and 0.30 m) within PMOBs. The concentrations from the raw biogas were also measured. Methane oxidation efficiencies (Effox) were estimated based on the CO2/CH4 ratio. The average CH4 and CO2 concentrations in the raw biogas (42% and 32%, respectively) for the 16 campaigns corroborated those typically found in Brazilian landfills. Lower CH4 fluxes were obtained within the enriched subarea (average of 20 g.m-2.d-1), while the fluxes in the control subarea averaged 34 g.m-2.d-1. Effox values averaged 42% for the control subarea and 80% for the enriched one. The results indicate that there is a great potential to reduce landfill gas (LFG) emissions by using passive methane oxidation biosystems composed of enriched substrates (with a higher content of organic matter).

Keywords


References

Abichou T, Chanton J, Powelson D, Fleiger J, Escoriaza S, Lei Y, Stern J (2006a) Methane flux and oxidation at two types of intermediate landfill covers. Waste Management, 26:1305-1312

Abichou T, Powelson D, Chanton J, Escoriaza S, Stern J (2006b) Characterization of methane flux and oxidation at a solid waste landfill. Journal of Environmental Engineering, 132:220-228

Abichou T, Mahieu K, Yuan L, Chanton J, Hater G (2009) Effects of compost biocovers on gas flow and methane oxidation in a landfill cover. Waste Management, 29:1595-1601

Araujo TT, Ritter E (2016) Evaluation of biogas emissions from layers of a landfill cover. Perspectivas Online, 16:34-49 (in Portuguese)

Audibert JL, Fernandes F (2013) Preliminary qualitative and quantitative assessment of gases from biodigestion of solid wastes in the landfill of Londrina, Paraná State, Brazil. Acta Scientiarum Technology, 35:45-52

Barry DL, Smith R, Gregory RG, Harries C (2003) Methane Production, Emission and Control during MSW Landfilling. In: Proceedings of the Ninth International Landfill Symposium, Cagliari, Sardinia, 6-10 October 2003

Cabral AR, Moreira JFV, Jugnia L-B (2010a) Biocover Performance of Landfill Methane Oxidation: Experimental Results. Journal of Environmental Engineering, 136:785-793

Cabral AR, Létourneau M, Yanful E, Song Q, McCartney JS, Parks J (2010b) Geotechnical issues in the design and construction of PMOBs. In: UNSAT 2010, Barcelona, pp. 1361-1367

Candiani G, Silva ER, Moreira JML (2011) Methane balance in an experimental landfill cell. Avances en Energías Renovables y Medio Ambiente, 15:63-70 (in Portuguese)

Capanema MA, Ndanga E, Lakhouit A, Cabral AR (2013) Methane oxidation efficiencies of a 6-year-old experimental landfill biocover. In: Proceedings Sardinia, Fourteenth International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium, S. Margherita di Pula, Cagliari, Italy. 2013

Capanema MA, Cabana H, Cabral AR (2014) Reduction of odours in pilot-scale landfill biocovers. Waste Management, 34:770-779

Chanton JP, Liptay K (2000) Seasonal variation in methane oxidation in a landfill cover soil as determined by an in situ stable isotope technique. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 14:51-60

Chanton J, Abichou T, Langford C, Spokas K, Hater G, Green R, Goldsmith D, Barlaz MA (2011) Observations on the methane oxidation capacity of landfill soils. Waste Management, 31:914-925

Christophersen M, Kjeldsen P, Holst H, Chanton J (2001) Lateral gas transport in soil adjacent to an old landfill: factors governing emissions and methane oxidation. Waste Management and Research, 19:595-612

Czepiel PM, Mosher B, Crill PM, Harriss RC (1996) Quantifying the effect of oxidation on landfill methane emissions. Journal of Geophysical Research, 101:16721-16729

Delhomenie MC, Heitz M (2005) Biofiltration of air: A review. Critical Reviews in Biotechnology, 25:53-72

Du R, Lu D, Wang G (2006) Diurnal, seasonal, and inter-annual variations of N2O fluxes from native semi-arid grassland soils of inner Mongolia. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 38:3474-3482

Einola JKM, Sormunen KM, Rintala JA (2008) Methane oxidation in a boreal climate in an experimental landfill cover composed from mechanically-biologically treated waste. Science of the Total Environment, 407:67-83

Fernandes JG (2009) Evaluation of biogas emissions in an experimental landfill. Dissertação (Mestrado em Saneamento, Meio Ambiente e Recursos Hídricos) – Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Escola de Engenharia, 101p. (in Portuguese)

Gallego E, Perales JF, Roca FJ, Guardino X (2014) Surface emission determination of volatile organic compounds (VOC) from a closed industrial waste landfill using a self-designed static flux chamber. Science of the Total Environment, 470-471:587-599

Gebert J, Groengroeft A, Pfeiffer E-M (2011a) Relevance of soil physical properties for the microbial oxidation of methane in landfill covers. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 43:1759-1767

Gebert J, Groengroeft A, Miehlich G (2003) Kinetics of microbial landfill methane oxidation in biofilters. Waste Management, 23:609–619

Gebert J, Röwer IU, Scharff H, Roncato CDL, Cabral AR (2011b) Can soil gas profiles be used to assess microbial CH4 oxidation in landfill covers? Waste Management, 31:987-994

Geck C, Scharff H, Pfeiffer E-M, Gebert J (2016) Validation of a simple model to predict the performance of methane oxidation systems, using field data from a large scale biocover test field. Waste Management, 56:280-289

Humer M, Lechner P (2001) Microbial methane oxidation for the reduction of landfill gas emissions. Journal of Solid Waste Technology and Management, 27:146-151

Huber-Humer M, Lechner P (2003) Effect of methane oxidation on the water balance of the landfill cover and the vegetation layer. In: Proceedings Sardinia. Ninth International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium, Cagliari, Italy, 2003

Hudson N, Ayoko GA (2008) Odour sampling. Comparison of physical and aerodynamic characteristics of sampling devices: a review. Bioresource Technology, 99:3993-4007

Jantalia CP, Santos HP, Urquiaga S, Boddey RM, Alves BJR (2008) Fluxes of nitrous oxide from soil under different crop rotations and tillage systems in the South of Brazil. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 82:161-173

Jugnia L-B, Cabral AR, Greer CW (2008) Biotic methane oxidation within an instrumented experimental landfill cover. Ecological Engineering, 33:102-109

Kjeld A, Cabral AR, Gústafsson LE, Andradóttir HO, Bjarnadóttir HJ (2014) Microbial Methane Oxidation at the Fíflholt landfill in Iceland. Verktækni, 30:31-36

Lakhouit A, Schirmer WN, Johnson TR, Cabana H, Cabral AR (2014) Evaluation of the efficiency of an experimental biocover to reduce BTEX emissions from landfill biogas. Chemosphere, 97:98-101

Lucernoni F, Rizzotto M, Tapparo F, Capelli L, Sironi S, Busini V (2016) Use of CFD for static sampling hood design: an example for methane flux assessment on landfill surfaces. Chemosphere, 163:259-269

Maciel FJ, Jucá JFT (2011) Evaluation of landfill gas production and emissions in a MSW large-scale experimental cell in Brazil. Waste Management, 31:966-977

Monteiro LS, Mota FSB, Silva WMB, Borges DA (2016) Emissions of gases through various types of materials used as cover layers of an experimental chamber filled with municipal solid wastes. Journal of Environmental Science and Water Resources, 05:24-31

Nagaraj TS, Lutenegger AJ, Pandian NS, Manoj M (2006) Rapid estimation of compaction parameters for field control. Geotechnical Testing Journal, 29:497-506

Obersky L, Rafiee R, Cabral AR, Golding SD, Clarke WP (2018). Methodology to determine the extent of anaerobic digestion, composting and CH4 oxidation in a landfill environment. Waste Management, 76:364-373

Perera MDN, Hettiaratchi JPA, Achari G (2002) A mathematical modeling approach to improve the point estimation of landfill gas surface emissions using the flux chamber technique. Journal of Environmental Engineering and Science, 1:451-463

Rachor IM, Gebert J, Gröngröft A, Pfeiffer E-M (2011) Assessment of the methane oxidation capacity of compacted soils intended for use as landfill cover materials. Waste Management, 31:833-842

Rachor IM, Gebert J, Gröngröft A, Pfeiffer E-M (2013) Variability of methane emissions from an old landfill over different time-scales, European Journal of Soil Science, 64:16-26

Rochette P, Eriksen-Hamel NS (2008) Chamber measurements of soil nitrous oxide flux: are absolute values reliable? Soil Science Society of America Journal, 72:331-342

Roncato CDL, Cabral AR (2012) Evaluation of methane oxidation efficiency of two biocovers: field and laboratory results. Journal of Environmental Engineering, 138:164-173

Rose JL, Mahler CF, Izzo RLS (2012) Comparison of the methane oxidation rate in four media. Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo, 36:803-812

Sadasivam BY, Reddy KR (2014) Landfill methane oxidation in soil and bio-based cover systems: a review. Reviews in Environmental Science and Bio/Technology, 13:79-107

Scheutz C, Kjeldsen P, Bogner JE, De Visscher A, Gebert J, Hilger HA, Huber-Humer M, Spokas K (2009) Microbial methane oxidation processes and technologies for mitigation of landfill gas emissions. Waste Management and Research, 27:409-455

Scheutz C, Pedicone A, Pedersen GB, Kjeldsen P (2011) Evaluation of respiration in compost landfill biocovers intended for methane oxidation. Waste Management, 31:895-902

Scheutz C, Pedersen RB, Petersen PH, Jørgensen JHB, Ucendo IMB, Mønster JG, Samuelsson J, Kjeldsen P (2014) Mitigation of methane emission from an old unlined landfill in Klintholm, Denmark using a passive biocover system. Waste Management, 34:1179-1190

Stern JC, Chanton J, Abichou T, Powelson D, Yuan L, Escoriza S, Bogner J (2007) Use of a biologically active cover to reduce landfill methane emissions and enhance methane oxidation. Waste Management, 27:1248-1258

Trégourès A, Beneito A, Berne P, Gonze MA, Sabroux JC, Savanne D, Pokryszka Z, Tauziède C, Cellier P, Laville P, Milward R, Arnaud A, Levy F, Burkhalter R (1999) Comparison of seven methods for measuring methane flux at a municipal solid waste landfill site. Waste Management and Research, 17:453-458

UK Environment Agency (2010) Guidance on monitoring landfill gas surface emissions, LFTGN07 v2, Bristol, UK, 66p



sep
30