Recycling of municipal organic waste material (biowaste) still remains fairly limited especially in low and middle-income settings although this is by far the largest fraction of the municipal waste generated. A fairly novel approach is rapidly establishing itself and concerns biowaste conversion by larvae of the Black Soldier Fly (BSF), Hermetia illucens. The popularity of this approach links to the promising opportunities of using the harvested insect larvae as a protein source for animal feed thus providing a valuable alternative to conventional animal feed that requires a large amount of increasingly scarce resources (water and land for soya meal, and fish catch for fishmeal). The research project presented here has developed relevant and easily applicable guidance for practitioners who aim to establish a commercial facility, learning from pilot scale activities in Indonesia and then using modelling and up-scaling assumptions to highlight challenges and opportunities of larger scale implementation.
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