an official journal of: published by:
Editor in Chief: RAFFAELLO COSSU


  • Paul Valentin Einhäupl - Materials Engineering, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium - Engineering Management, Universiteit Antwerpen Ringgold standard institution, Belgium
  • Karel Van Acker - Materials Engineering, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium
  • Niclas Svensson - Department of Management and Engineering, Linköping University, Sweden
  • Steven Van Passel - Department of Engineering Management, Universiteit Antwerpen, Belgium

DOI 10.31025/2611-4135/2019.13882

Released under CC BY-NC-ND

Copyright: © 2019 CISA Publisher

Editorial History

  • Received: 29 Apr 2019
  • Revised: 10 Dec 2019
  • Accepted: 13 Dec 2019
  • Available online: 23 Dec 2019


Understanding the perspectives of different stakeholders on emerging technological concepts is an important step towards their implementation. Enhanced Landfill Mining (ELFM) is one of these emerging concepts. It aims at valorizing past waste streams to higher added values in a sustainable manner. Yet, assessment of ELFM mainly focusses on environmental and private economic issues, and societal impacts are rarely analyzed. This study uses semi-structured interviews to build understanding for different ELFM practitioners and researchers and develops five stakeholder archetypes for ELFM implementation: the engaged citizen, the entrepreneur, the technology enthusiast, the visionary and the skeptic. The archetypes outline major differences in approaching ELFM implementation. The stakeholder perceptions are put into context with existing literature, and implications for ELFM implementation and future research are discussed. Results show that differences in regulatory changes and technology choices are affected by different stakeholder perspectives and more research is needed to balance inner- and inter-dimensional conflicts of ELFM’s sustainability. The developed archetypes can especially be helpful when evaluating social impacts, whose perception often depends on opinion and is difficult to quantify.



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