Released under CC BY-NC-ND
Copyright: © 2018 Cisa Publisher
Population growth, urbanization and technological progress have resulted in an increased generation of various types of wastes. However, a series of different techniques have been developed for use in the segregation of waste components, with waste being separated either at source or at the disposal site. In Iran, waste separation at the disposal site is more popular than source separation due to a lack of public collaboration. The city of Sari is located in the northern part of Iran and is the largest and the most populous city in Mazandaran province. Per capita waste generation in Sari city is 1 kg/person-1 day-1. Due to a high population density but also to the presence of tourist attractions, a significant amount of waste is generated in the city, particularly by restaurants. Whilst the majority of wastes generated is constituted by aluminium drink cans, this study aims to develop a practical framework for the source separation of aluminium waste and to estimate the advantages represented by recovery. Data were collected from 25 restaurants by means of questionnaires and interviews. The results showed that the majority of restaurant owners and staff had been made aware of the need for source separation of waste via social media. However, no source separation had been implemented. The pilot study showed how approx. 320 million USD could be obtained through the recovery of aluminium waste produced by the restaurants studied per year.
Abbasi M., El Hanandeh A. (2016) Forecasting municipal solid waste generation using artificial intelligence modelling approaches. Waste Management 56:13-22.
Bartelings H., Sterner T. (1999) Household waste management in a Swedish municipality: determinants of waste disposal, recycling and composting. Environmental and resource economics 13:473-491.
Bernstad A., la Cour Jansen J., Aspegren H. (2011) Life cycle assessment of a household solid waste source separation programme: a Swedish case study. Waste Management & Research 29:1027-1042.
Chen W.-Q., Graedel T. (2012) Dynamic analysis of aluminum stocks and flows in the United States: 1900–2009. Ecological Economics 81:92-102.
Green J.A. (2007) Aluminum recycling and processing for energy conservation and sustainability ASM International.
Hassanvand M., Nabizadeh R., Heidari M. (2008) Municipal solid waste analysis in Iran. Iranian Journal of Health and Environment 1:9-18.
Meng X., Wen Z., Qian Y. (2018) Multi-agent based simulation for household solid waste recycling behavior. Resources, Conservation and Recycling 128:535-545.
Pinkham M. (2002) Aluminum Cans-History, Development and Market. Aluminum International Today:37-38.
Quinkertz R., Rombach G., Liebig D. (2001) A scenario to optimise the energy demand of aluminium production depending on the recycling quota. Resources, conservation and recycling 33:217-234.
Rada E.C., Zatelli C., Cioca L.I., Torretta V. (2018) Selective Collection Quality Index for Municipal Solid Waste Management. Sustainability 10:257.
Rousta K., Ordoñez I., Bolton K., Dahlén L. (2017) Support for designing waste sorting systems: A mini review. Waste Management & Research 35:1099-1111.
Sahota A. (2009) The global market for organic food and drink. The world of organic agriculture. Statistics and emerging trends 2009:59-64.
Seyring N., Dollhofer M., Weißenbacher J., Bakas I., McKinnon D. (2016) Assessment of collection schemes for packaging and other recyclable waste in European Union-28 Member States and capital cities. Waste Management & Research 34:947-956.
Tai J., Zhang W., Che Y., Feng D. (2011) Municipal solid waste source-separated collection in China: A comparative analysis. Waste management 31:1673-1682.
Watson J. (1999) Separation methods for waste and environmental applications CRC Press.
Zartabi E. (2008) Study of the separation of bottle wastes in Tehran city, Iraninan University of Applied Science and Technology Tehran.
Zhang W., Che Y., Yang K., Ren X., Tai J. (2012) Public opinion about the source separation of municipal solid waste in Shanghai, China. Waste Management & Research 30:1261-1271.
Zhuang Y., Wu S.-W., Wang Y.-L., Wu W.-X., Chen Y.-X. (2008) Source separation of household waste: a case study in China. Waste Management 28:2022-2030.