an official journal of: published by:
Editor in Chief: RAFFAELLO COSSU

CONVERSION OF BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT PLANT SLUDGE TO ORGANIC FERTILIZER FOR APPLICATIONS IN ORGANIC FARMING

  • Agampodi Sunil Shanta Mendis - Department of Chemistry, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka - Postgraduate Institute of Science, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka
  • Shashiprabha Punyakantha Dunuweera - Department of Chemistry, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka - Postgraduate Institute of Science, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka
  • Shanta Walpolage - Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, University of Moratuwa, Sri Lanka
  • Rajapakse Mudiyanselage Gamini Rajapakse - Department of Chemistry, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka - Postgraduate Institute of Science, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka

DOI 10.31025/2611-4135/2020.13899

Released under CC BY-NC-ND

Copyright: © 2019 CISA Publisher

Editorial History

  • Received: 03 Apr 2019
  • Revised: 09 Jun 2019
  • Accepted: 20 Dec 2019
  • Available online: 10 Feb 2020

Abstract

Conversion of the sludge generated in the biological treatment plants of glove dipping industries of Sri Lanka to a valuable organic fertilizer after removing toxic metal ions such as heavy metals and excess Zn and Al present in the sludge to allowable limits is described. In order to do so, the raw materials used were analysed for these species and for their nutritional values. Removal of metal ions by different acids such as HNO3 and acetic acid digestion processes are revealed and the results are compared. Dilution of the metal ion-removed sludge with other raw materials used in organic fertilizer production to enable maintain right C:N ratio and the use of these materials in the fertilizer production process used are presented. Application of the fertilizer to soils of fruit and vegetable plantations and measurement of Zn, Al and heavy metals in the soil and plant parts and their crops as a function of time is also described. The quality of vegetables and fruits produced by applying this new fertilizer is compared with those obtained in the open market.It has been shown that the former contains no or much less than maximum allowable limits of heavy metals or toxic species when compared to those grown using other organic fertilizers. This study is useful for industrial biological treatment plant sludge management by converting it to a useful product.

Keywords


References

Aktar, W., Sengupta, D., &Chowdhury, A. (2009). Impact of pesticides use in agriculture: their benefits and hazards. Interdisciplinary Toxicology, 2(1), 1-12.
DOI 10.2478/v10102-009-0001-7

Albers, E., Johansson, E., Franzén, C., & Larsson, C. (2011). Selective suppression of bacterial contaminants by process conditions during lignocellulose based yeast fermentations. Biotechnology For Biofuels, 4(1), 59.
DOI 10.1186/1754-6834-4-59

Blackley, D. (1997). Latex-dipping processes. Polymer Latices, 155-228.
DOI 10.1007/978-94-011-5848-0_3

Cummins PM, e. (2019). Ion-exchange chromatography: basic principles and application to the partial purification of soluble mammalian prolyloligopeptidase. - PubMed - NCBI . Ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 23 May 2019, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20978968

Devaraj, V., Nur, F., Dayang, A., Nor, H., &Zairossani, M. (2017). Utilization of Waste from Natural Rubber Glove Manufacturing Line. ASEAN Journal On Science And Technology For Development, 32(2), 94.
DOI 10.29037/ajstd.61

Enders, A., Lehmann. (2019)Comparison of Wet-Digestion and Dry-Ashing Methods for Total Elemental Analysis of Biochar. Communications In Soil Science And Plant Analysis. Retrieved from https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00103624.2012.656167

Franke-Whittle, I., &Insam, H. (2012). Treatment alternatives of slaughterhouse wastes, and their effect on the inactivation of different pathogens: A review. Critical Reviews In Microbiology, 39(2), 139-151.
DOI 10.3109/1040841x.2012.694410

Gorsuch, T. (1959). Radiochemical investigations on the recovery for analysis of trace elements in organic and biological materials. Report to the Analytical Methods Committee by the Society’s First Analytical Chemistry Research Scholar. The Analyst, 84(996), 135.
DOI 10.1039/an9598400135

Hseu, Z., Chen, Z., Tsai, C., Tsui, C., Cheng, S., Liu, C., & Lin, H. (2002). Water, Air, And Soil Pollution, 141(1/4), 189-205.
DOI 10.1023/a:1021302405128

Jara-Samaniego, J., Pérez-Murcia, M., Bustamante, M., Paredes, C., Pérez-Espinosa, A., &Gavilanes-Terán, I. et al. (2017). Development of organic fertilizers from food market waste and urban gardening by composting in Ecuador. PLOS ONE, 12(7), e0181621.
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0181621

Jorhem, L. (2019). Determination of metals in foods by atomic absorption spectrometry after dry ashing: NMKL Collaborative Study. - PubMed - NCBI . Ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 23 May 2019, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11048861

Karasov, W.H., & Douglas, A. (2013). Comparative Digestive Physiology. Comprehensive Physiology.
DOI 10.1002/cphy.c110054

Kerdtongmee, P., Pumdaung, C., &Danworaphong, S. (2014). Quantifying Dry Rubber Content in Latex Solution Using an Ultrasonic Pulse. Measurement Science Review, 14(5), 252-256.
DOI 10.2478/msr-2014-0034

LoPachin, R., Gavin, T., DeCaprio, A., & Barber, D. (2011). Application of the Hard and Soft, Acids and Bases (HSAB) Theory to Toxicant–Target Interactions. Chemical Research In Toxicology, 25(2), 239-251.
DOI 10.1021/tx2003257

Manzoni, S., Jackson, R., Trofymow, J., &Porporato, A. (2008). The Global Stoichiometry of Litter Nitrogen Mineralization. Science, 321(5889), 684-686.
DOI 10.1126/science.1159792

Naqi, A., & Jang, J. (2019). Recent Progress in Green Cement Technology Utilizing Low-Carbon Emission Fuels and Raw Materials: A Review. Sustainability, 11(2), 537.
DOI 10.3390/su11020537

Palanivell, P., Susilawati, K., Ahmed, O., &Majid, N. (2013). Compost and Crude Humic Substances Produced from Selected Wastes and Their Effects onZeamaysL. Nutrient Uptake and Growth. The Scientific World Journal, 2013, 1-15.
DOI 10.1155/2013/276235

Pan, I., Dam, B., &Sen, S. (2011). Composting of common organic wastes using microbial inoculants. 3 Biotech, 2(2), 127-134.
DOI 10.1007/s13205-011-0033-5

Pangarkar, B., Sane, M., &Guddad, M. (2011). Reverse Osmosis and Membrane Distillation for Desalination of Groundwater: A Review. ISRN Materials Science, 2011, 1-9.
DOI 10.5402/2011/523124

Razaq, M., Zhang, P., Shen, H., &Salahuddin. (2017). Influence of nitrogen and phosphorous on the growth and root morphology of Acer mono. PLOS ONE, 12(2), e0171321.
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0171321

Rodushkin, I., Engstrm, E., Stenberg, A., & Baxter, D. (2004). Determination of low-abundance elements at ultra-trace levels in urine and serum by inductively coupled plasma?sector field mass spectrometry. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 380(2), 247-257.
DOI 10.1007/s00216-004-2742-7

Singh, R., Gautam, N., Mishra, A., & Gupta, R. (2011). Heavy metals and living systems: An overview. Indian Journal Of Pharmacology, 43(3), 246.
DOI 10.4103/0253-7613.81505

Smith, SR. (2019). A critical review of the bioavailability and impacts of heavy metals in municipal solid waste composts compared to sewage sludge. - PubMed - NCBI . Ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 23 May 2019, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18691760

Turhanen, P., Vepsäläinen, J., &Peräniemi, S. (2015). Advanced material and approach for metal ions removal from aqueous solutions. Scientific Reports, 5(1).
DOI 10.1038/srep08992

Wheal, M., Fowles, T., & Palmer, L. (2011). A cost-effective acid digestion method using closed polypropylene tubes for inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) analysis of plant essential elements. Analytical Methods, 3(12), 2854.
DOI 10.1039/c1ay05430a

Zheljazkov, V., Cantrell, C., Astatkie, T., &Ebelhar, M. (2010). Peppermint Productivity and Oil Composition as a Function of Nitrogen, Growth Stage, and Harvest Time. Agronomy Journal. Retrieved from http://agris.fao.org/agris search/search.do?recordID=US20130172827


nov
18
nov
16