an official journal of: published by:
Editor in Chief: RAFFAELLO COSSU


  • Juan Carlos Hernández Parrodi - New-Mine project, Renewi Belgium SA/NV, Belgium - Montanuniversitat Leoben, Austria
  • Karoline Raulf - Department of Processing and Recycling, Rheinisch Westfalische Technische Hochschule Aachen, Germany
  • Daniel Vollprecht - Montanuniversität Leoben, Austria
  • Thomas Pretz - Department of Processing and Recycling, RWTH Aachen University, Germany
  • Roland Pomberger - Montanuniversitat Leoben Department fur Umwelt- und Energieverfahrentechnik, Austria


Released under CC BY-NC-ND

Copyright: © 2019 CISA Publisher


(Enhanced) landfill mining ((E)LFM) projects have been mainly driven by land reclamation, environmental pollution mitigation and remediation of old landfills and dumpsites, among others. However, previous studies have also shown that these sites may be a relevant source of secondary raw materials. In this respect and within the framework of the “EU Training Network for Resource Recovery through Enhanced Landfill Mining – NEW-MINE”, around 374 Mg of waste was excavated from a landfill site in the municipality of Mont-Saint-Guibert, Belgium, as part of a case study to evaluate the full implementation of ELFM. The excavated landfilled material was pre-processed with a ballistic separator onsite directly after excavation, with which the fine fractions (material <90 mm) were obtained. Subsequently, samples of the fine fractions were characterized in order to determine their main properties and material composition. According to these strategies a chain of mechanical processing steps was selected and tested in the processing of the fine fractions in the optimal water content (15 wt.% WC) and dry states. The mechanical processing in the dry state yielded total amounts of 41.9-43.9 wt.% DM fine fractions <4.5 mm, 35.9-39.0 wt.% DM inert materials, 7.4-10.0 wt.% DM combustible materials, 1.2-1.8 wt.% DM ferrous metals and 0.2-0.4 wt.% DM non-ferrous metals. These figures suggest that a significant share of the fine fractions could be recovered through the tested mechanical processing approach, which might contribute to the overall economic and environmental feasibility of the project in case of implementing full scale (E)LFM at the studied landfill site.


Editorial History

  • Received: 13 Sep 2019
  • Revised: 27 Nov 2019
  • Accepted: 06 Dec 2019
  • Available online: 23 Dec 2019


Bunge, R. (2012). Mechanische Aufbereitung: Primär- und Sekundärrohstoffe. Germany: Wiley-VCH

Bureau d´études greisch (beg) (2002). Centre d´Enfouissement Technique de Mont-Saint-Guibert: Etude des conséquences de l´octroi du permis d´urbanisme du 29.10.01 sur les conditions d´exploitation du permis du 16.12.98

Burlakovs, J., Kriipsalu, M., Porshnov, D., Jani, Y., Ozols, V., Pehme, K.-M., et al. (2019). Gateway of Landfilled Plastic Waste Towards Circular Economy in Europe. Separations, 6(2), 25

García López, C., Ni, A., Hernández Parrodi, J. C., Küppers, B., Raulf, K., & Pretz, T. (2019). Characterization of landfill mining material after ballistic separation to evaluate material and energy recovery potential. Detritus, 8(1).
DOI 10.31025/2611-4135/2019.13780

Hernández Parrodi, J. C., García López, C., Küppers, B., Raulf, K., Vollprecht, D., Pretz, T., & Pomberger, R. (2019a). Case study on enhanced landfill mining at Mont-Saint-Guibert landfill in Belgium: Characterization and potential of fine fractions. Submitted to Detritus, 8 (Special Issue on Resource Recovery through Enhanced Landfill Mining)(1)

Hernández Parrodi, J. C., Höllen, D., & Pomberger, R. (2018a). Characterization of fine fractions from landfill mining: A review of previous investigations. Detritus, 2(1), 46–62

Hernández Parrodi, J. C., Höllen, D., & Pomberger, R. (2018b). Potential and main technological challenges for material and energy recovery from fine fractions of landfill mining: A critical review. Detritus, 3(1), 19–29

Hernández Parrodi, J. C., Lucas, H., Gigantino, M., Sauve, G., Esguerra, J. L., Einhäupl, P., et al. (2019b). Integration of resource recovery into current waste management through (enhanced) landfill mining. Submitted to Detritus, 8 (Special Issue on Resource Recovery through Enhanced Landfill Mining)(1)

Jones, P. T., Geysen, D., Rossy, A., & Bienge, K. (2010). Enhanced Landfill Mining (ELFM) and Enhanced Waste Management (EWM): essential components for the transition to Sustainable Materials Management (SMM). Proceedings of the 1st International Academic Symposium on Enhanced Landfill Mining. 4-6 October, 2010. Houthalen-Helchteren, Belgium

Küppers, B., Hernández Parrodi, J. C., García López, C., Pomberger, R., & Vollprecht, D. (2019). Potential of sensor-based sorting in enhanced landfill mining. Submitted to Detritus, Special Issue on Resource Recovery through Enhanced Landfill Mining

Lucas, H., García López, C., Hernández Parrodi, J. C., Vollprecht, D., Raulf, K., Pomberger, R., et al. (2019). Quality assessment of non-ferrous metals in landfill mining: A caste study in Belgium. Submitted to Detritus, Special Issue on Resource Recovery through Enhanced Landfill Mining

Tameda, K., Hanashima, M., Lee, N.-h., Cho, E.-a., Kawashimaf, M., & Higuchi, S. (2018). Recycling of waste plastics disposed of in landfills: The effect of washing treatment. Detritus, 1(1), 102–109

Van Vossen, W. J., & Prent, O. J. (2011). Feasibility study: Sustainable material and energy recovery from landfills in Europe. Proceedings Sardinia 2011. Thirteenth International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium. 3-7 October 2011. S. Margherita di Pula, Cagliari, Italy, 247–248

Wagner, T. P., & Raymond, T. (2015). Landfill mining: Case study of a successful metals recovery project. Waste Management, 45, 448–457

Winterstetter, A., Laner, D., Rechberger, H., & Fellner, J. (2015). Framework for the evaluation of anthropogenic resources: A landfill mining case study – Resource or reserve? Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 96, 19–30